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HIS 2110, Week 4 Notes

by: Hagar Notetaker

HIS 2110, Week 4 Notes HIST 2110

Marketplace > Georgia State University > History > HIST 2110 > HIS 2110 Week 4 Notes
Hagar Notetaker
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Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110-
Prof. Casey P. Cater
Class Notes
history, his2110, His, us, slavery
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hagar Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Prof. Casey P. Cater in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Survey of U.S History (HIST 2110- in History at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 09/14/16
HIS 2110 9/13/16 Cotton Kingdom: Expansion of Slavery in 19 Century Cotton & Economy  Industrial Revolution: cotton major part of Global IR  1860: US supplied ¾ of world’s cotton  Economic engine of cotton o 60% American exports by 1860 (civil war) o 1860: Slavery > all us factories, railroads, & banks combined o Tremendous source of wealth in US Maryland & Virginia: Tobacco Rise of Cotton  Chesapeake & Lowe Country in 1790’s South: Rice Farming o Home of American agriculture & slavery  Cotton Gin (1794) o Helped process cotton faster  “Petit Gulf” (1820) o Type of short staple cotton  Denser, can grow inland, & more yield Slave Trade & Territory  4 million slaves by 1860’s  Rise of inland cotton o People moving out of Chesapeake to south  Indian Removal Act (1830) o We need more land so evacuate the natives  Federal Annexation o 8 slave states in 1800 o 15 slave states by 1860 o +400K slaves brought to US (Legally) Social & Economic Relations of Slavery: Economics Dominated politics as a whole  1850, 1/3 of southerners owned slaves o Plantation owned +20 slaves o Less than 1% had over 100 o Over ½ slave owners owned +5  Male slave worth $1000 in 1840  $1800 by 1860 HIS 2110 9/13/16 o About $50,000 today  Plantation dominated south o ¾ of south’s exports came from plantations  Paternalism o Reciprocal obligations, economics, not benevolence… o Just means slave was like “child” = must be obedient; & owner was parent =giver of shelter, food, etc. o Used to keep control  Legal Limits o Slaves were property o Stuff slaves couldn’t do:  Vote  Buy property  Leave plantation  Learn to read or write  Over time, material conditions improved o Healthcare improved Ensured stability o Shelter o Slaves could keep gardens, get married, etc. Slave Culture  Family life o 27% increase per decade o Marriages sometimes allowed o Preservation of family names & kinship patterns  Religion o Churches for enslaved o Christianity  Control = obey god, your master, etc.  Freedom = spiritual, Jesus loves you, etc. Resistance  Sabotage o Slaves would not work efficiently (passive) o Arson, poison owners, etc. (Aggressive)  Runaways o Underground Rail Road  Rebellions o The Amistad (1839) HIS 2110 9/13/16 o Gabriel’s Rebellion (1800) o The Denmark Vesey Conspiracy (1822) Causes Christianity & o Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831) Paternalism to increase  Virginia  Nat turner was preacher who believed God told him to rebel & that slavery was wrong  Made army of slaves and encouraged the murder of masters  Was arrested & executed before it could start  Abolitionist movement increased in 1831 Justifications of Slavery  Slaves = natural incapacity for freedom  John C. Calhoun (1782-1850) o Universal freedom was dumb  “The most false & dangerous of all political errors”  Stuff in constitution is bad & some people are just meant to be slaves o Gag Rule  Can’t talk about slavery in congress  Enforced it  Slavery is divine order o If God didn’t want slavery, he would stop it  “Freedom not possible without slavery”  Abe Lincoln o Against slavery being justified by religion  God’s view on slavery isn’t clear in Bible


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