205 - Week Four Part One
205 - Week Four Part One phi 205
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephani Mager on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to phi 205 at North Carolina State University taught by Benjamin Bagley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Philosophy 205 – Week Four, Part One Ryle, “Descarte’s Myth” Key Ideas: 1. Ryle thinks the whole approach to thinking philosophically about minds is wrong 2. He discovers that what we thought were deep philosophical puzzles dissolved and turned into confusion instead 3. “The Official Doctrine” – a. Ryle believes the Official Doctrine makes a category mistake i. The mind is a special kind of cause 4. The Category Mistake Concepts: How is the mind different? How is it special? 1. According to the Official Doctrine, the mind doesn’t exist in space and lacks physical properties like size, height, etc. a. An immaterial thing that lacks in space 2. Minds are private while bodies are publicly observable a. It’s physically impossible to dig out a thought in someone’s mind 3. We have privileged access to our minds, but no direct access to the minds of others a. We can have knowledge about ourmindsandknowabout it withcompletecertainty 4. Still minds cause changes in bodies and bodies cause changes in minds a. How is the mind able to control body movement? i. Imagine a thought bubble forming and the direct cause is your arm moving and knocking over a bottle in the process Discussion Question: How do you have a special ability to know what’s happening in your mind but know the shape of our heart in your own body? Puzzle: How can minds cause changes in bodies if theydon’t exist in space, lack shape, size, weight, etc.? Bodies have the types of things available to move things like our hand to hit a bottle Example: One thing changes something else which then changes something else Immaterial Thought Bubble Thought Arm makes Arm up makes the the bottle fall arm go up over The Official Doctrine suggest that the reason why minds are able to change bodies are because of immaterial thought bubbles. Ryle believes that there is a difference between minds and bodies that can make a difference in the world Minds and bodies are somehow different What’s going on in your mind can make a difference What’s a category mistake? Ryle: “the Official Doctrine presents the faces of life as if they belonged to one category or type when they belong to another” Ryle vs. the Official Doctrine Thinks the Official Doctrine is right to a point (e.g. minds are different than bodies), but not in the same exact way There are limits to what the mind can change Ryle’s Example: The Official Doctrine made a boring category mistake Supposed “logical type” category Actual Category -University: unit within organization organization of those units -Team Spirit: verb adverb -Average Taxpayer: a physical person statistical composite person -Ecosystem: a physical thing organism, environment -Facebook: a physical book a website/organization -War: a physical place an accumulation of politics, emotions, etc. University Example Explained: Foreigner who believes the university of Oxford is separate than the library, offices, etc. Things that are true about NCSU: Expects students to create a schedule based on criterion Sometimes wins football games Is over 100 years old Someone might see the university as a single unit rather than an organization of units. Minds are different than bodies in mysterious ways. Moral: Minds are to bodies as organizations are to units; as adverbs are to verbs, etc.
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