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PSYC 261 Chapter 1 Notes

by: Eryn Dixon

PSYC 261 Chapter 1 Notes PSYC 261

Eryn Dixon
CSU Chico
GPA 2.74
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About this Document

These notes cover Chapter One from the class book. This material will be one Exam 1.
Research Methods in Psychology
Adelaide Kreamer
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eryn Dixon on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 261 at California State University Chico taught by Adelaide Kreamer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology in Psychology at California State University Chico.

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Date Created: 09/14/16
Psychological Research    How do you know what you know?  ● Intuition  ○ Relying on common sense, “gut feelings”  ● Deduction  ○ Using logical reasoning  ● Authority  ○ Relying on experts  ● Observation  ○ Relying on what you have seen and tested    ● Think about at least two things you know are true about the world. For each of theses try  to determine how you know this… Intuition? Deduction? Authority? Observation?  Four Pillars of the Scientific Method  ● Empiricism  ○ Gaining knowledge through systematic observation of the world  ● Determinism  ○ The assumption that phenomena have identifiable causes  ● Parsimony  ○ The simplest explanation is most likely to be correct  ● Testability  ○ The assumption that explanations for behavior can be tested and falsified  through observation  Empiricism  ● Empirical Research  ○ Finding explanations for behavior based on observation  ○ Many different ways to go about observing behavior  ■ Research Methods!  ○ Replication  Determinism  ● We can conduct studies to understand what causes behavior, but there’s more…  ● Three main goals for behavioral science:  ○ Describe behavior  ○ Determine the causes for behavior  ○ Explain behavior  ● Research designs are created based on the goal   ○ Research methods!  Parsimony and Testability  ● Parsimony  ○ Rule out simple explanation first  ● Testability  ○ Falsification  ■ When it is possible to prove something wrong we can be more confident  when it is proven right.  ○ Confirmation Bias  ■ Accepting information that supports our beliefs and ignoring information  that contradicts them  ■ If we only look for information that supports our explanations we can hold  on to longer even when incorrect  ● FREUD  Categories of Research  ● Two major categories of research  ○ Basic Research   ■ Understanding foundational processes  ○ Applied Research   ■ Answering everyday/real world problems  ● Need both  ○ Basic research is often necessary for applied research  Why Research Method?  ● Three main reasons:  ○ Future research endeavors  ■ Grad School  ■ Employment  ○ How to read research articles  ■ Upper division  ○ How to decide whether you should believe what you are hearing/reading  ■ Media  ■ Not all research is created equal  ● Gluten sensitivity   


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