HDF 212 Week 3 Notes
HDF 212 Week 3 Notes HDF 212
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Schabel on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HDF 212 at Central Michigan University taught by Polly Pritchard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
9/12 & 9/14 NOTES Page 1 HDF 212: Family in a Cultural Perspective *We got a worksheet to fill out as we went along with the notes, the words/phrases are in purple* Notes: ☆ In the past, when a wife entered the workforce, she had a greater risk of her marriage ending. ☆ Today, the couple’s risk of divorce is lower when a wife takes a job. ☆ Men who believe most firmly in traditional gender roles are now more likely to be divorced than less-conventional men. ☆ The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) shows that unmarried individuals actually provide more support for parents than their married counterparts. ☆ It is just as important to understand patterns of divorce and remarriage as it is to understand a person’s current marital status ☆ Remarriage rates have been falling over time… which can lead to an increase in the “currently divorced” statistics… even if the probability of divorce is falling ☆ Households are material sites with different ways of acquiring the necessities of life ☆ Class, race, and gender are socially constructed categories and this means we’ve “made up” the groups as a way to categorize people ☆ Family structure is a crucial determinate of well-being because more adults provide addition opportunities (for in home work and additional earnings) ☆ Education outweighs gender and race in predicting income equality, although race continues to contribute to unequal access to education ☆ Currently there is a disconnect between the demographic reality of the US and the population studied by family scientist ☆ Two models of social class help us understand families. They are a. Conventional (traditional) explanation: blame occupation and shared lifestyles for class differences b. Structural explanation: blame society’s opportunity structure for class differences ☆ Our social policies are based on process and transitions noted in the 1950s and 1960s (graduations, marriage, new home, job/child-bearing) ☆ CURRENTLY these processes & transitions are much more spread out and much less orderly ☆ An example of social polices not meeting changing needs is for foster children whose aid ends when they turn 18 ☆ Mothers in the workforce have been a focus for social researchers ☆ In the year 2006, 65% of mothers with preschool-aged children worked outside the home ☆ This data is compared to only 20% of mothers of preschool-aged children who worked outside the home in the year 1960 ☆ Of mothers of preschoolers who do NOT work outside the home, what it the primary reason? a. Because it cost to much 9/12 & 9/14 NOTES Page 2 HDF 212: Family in a Cultural Perspective Questions/Answers: 1. Question- what are some reasons families opperate differently? a. Culture b. Values/beliefs c. Religion d. Geolocation e. Economic status f. Ethnicity g. Education 2. Why do people have differences in income? a. Education b. Expenses/cost of living c. Job opportunities d. Time period/generational differences e. Gender f. Race g. LGBTQ+ and gender identification h. How you look Other notes: ☆ Family Structure: how many adults do you have bringing in income and/or working (this includes housework) o The better the ratio (adult:kid) the better off the family is EX. 2:2 is good, 1:4 is bad ☆ An unwed mother who gets married then later is divorced end up worst economically versus an unwed mother who stays un-married and improves her earning powers ☆ African Americans are much less likely to remarry after a divorce (in comparison to whites) Socially society working together Constructed create ☆ Most people still rely on their parents for all kinds of support o Finicial o Emotional o Educational o We also depend on them to be our friend ☆ There are pros and cons for stay-at-home moms AND moms in the workforce KNOW THIS FOR THE EXAM: There is a HUGE jump (between 1960 and 2006) of mothers who work outside the home