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by: Thelma Oates

Lecture1.pdf BSC 2010C

Thelma Oates
University of Central Florida

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About this Document

These notes cover the 1st Lecture and are supplementary material to Chapter One of the 10th Edition Campbell Biology textbook
Biology 1 Honors
Elizabeth Harris
Class Notes
Biology, chapter1, classnotes, BigConcepts
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thelma Oates on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BSC 2010C at University of Central Florida taught by Elizabeth Harris in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Biology 1 Honors in BSC at University of Central Florida.

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Date Created: 09/14/16
Biology is the study of life  Living organisms have all these characteristics:  ­exhibit order  ­ability to reproduce independently (unlike viruses which are dependent on host cells)  ­ability to grow and develop  ­metabolism  ­external environment stimuli  ­ability to adapt  ­homeostasis    Hierarchy of life: ecosystem, community, population, organism, organ system, organ, tissue, cell,  organelle, molecule    A cell carries out all activities for life and is the most basic structure in an organism  Cells are structural and functional units of life  The English scientist Robert Hooke named cells in 1665 when he looked under cork in a  microscope and it reminded him of the cells in monasteries  Prokaryotes: Bacteria and Archae  Pro is before and Karyo is Nucleus. Before nucleus  Prokaryotes lack organelles and a membrane enclosed nucleus. They are smaller, many have cell  walls, and have circular single stranded DNA  Eukaryotes are everything else. They have organelles and a membrane enclosed nucleus. They  are much larger. Many have cell walls. Plants have cellulose. Fungi have Chitin. Individual  double sided DNA strands called Chromosomes    Biodiversity: Many different species   Taxonomy : classification of organisms  System of Taxonomy progresses from most broad to most specific  D​omain, ​K​ingdom, ​P​hyllum, ​C​lass, ​O​rder, ​F​amily, ​G​enus, ​S​pecies  DKPCOFGS  Dumb King Phillip Came Over From Germany Stoned  Kingdoms for Eukarya are Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, and Protista  Prokarya kingdoms are Bacteria and Archae    Science means to know  Discovery based science describes  Hypothesis Based science attempts to explain  Scientific Method specifies a process used to find answers:  ­ Make observation  ­ Ask question  ­ Formulate hypothesis  ­ Make a prediction  ­ Experiment and collect Data  ­ Review results  ­ Formulate conclusion  ­ Re evaluate hypothesis, make a new one and repeat  ­ Use data to delineate a theory    Propose multiple Hypotheses whenever possible, should be testable, can be eliminated but  cannot prove a hypothesis with 100% certainty,  Null Hypothesis: ex: Lions from the wild and Lions born and raised in the Zoo have the same  stalking efficiency  Alternative Hypothesis: There is a stalking efficiency difference between lions from the wild and  lions born and raised in the zoo 


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