Census - 9/14 notes
Census - 9/14 notes SOCY 1000 - 003
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SOCY 1000 - 003
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hayden Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY 1000 - 003 at Auburn University taught by Carl Backman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Census- 9/14 Wednesday, September 14, 2011:01 AM • Why do we Care? ○ All census information is provided on the basis of some geography § E.g. State, country, zip code, Congressional district ○ Competent use requires • Political units ○ Defined for reasons other than the census § US § State equivalents □ There are 51 ® 51st - District of Colombia § County equivalents □ Over 3100 □ Counties, parishes(LA), independent cities, census areas (AK), municipalities (AK) § Incorporated places □ Ex: cities, boroughs, municipalities, towns, and villages ® Vary between states ® Census calls these "places" □ Tribal Areas □ Minor civil divisions (MCDs) ® School districts, congressional districts, state legislative districts ◊ 20-40k school districts in the country • Statistical Units ○ Defined for census taking or on the basis of census results § Most important □ Housing unit □ Block □ Block group ® Combined blocks ◊ This helps protect single person confidentiality □ Census Tract □ Block group ® Combined blocks ◊ This helps protect single person confidentiality □ Census Tract ® Cluster of Block Groups ® Boundaries usually defined with assistance of local people, though that may have happened a long time ago ◊ Hopefully tract is relatively homogenous and reflects the neighborhood ® Boundaries need to be the same from census to census ◊ Now you can see the changes of particular areas over time ® Generally 1,500-8,000 people, optimally 4,000 ◊ One in NYC = 12,000 ® Over 65,000 tracts ◊ Relatively detailed info on each tract ® Originally intended use for city officials (and statisticians) ® Businesses found the data useful ◊ Cities with tracts had competitive advantages to attracting business ◊ Some states would pay census bureau to create tracts throughout their state □ Metropolitan Statistical Areas ® Combinations of urban cities ® Largest units other than states ® Very important to businesses ◊ Much jostling deciding who is in and who is out ® Originally only large metro areas were in these specialized areas ® City boundaries do not capture the big picture of the city ◊ Data on the city of Atlanta leaves out lots of people from the Atlanta Area ® Business users want to know about the whole market ◊ Academics, too, though not al think in terms of markets ® Once areas defined, census releases results for people from the Atlanta Area ® Business users want to know about the whole market ◊ Academics, too, though not al think in terms of markets ® Once areas defined, census releases results for whole area ◊ People analyzing the data don’t have to combine a bunch of information from a lot of separate localities ◊ More info on metro areas than other areas • The Basic Census Hierarchy (smallest-largest) ○ Block ○ Block Group ○ Census tract ○ Place ○ County ○ State ○ Division ○ Region ○ Nation • Shift in Terminology ○ Metro areas have been constant for decades; terminology has not ○ SMSA § Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area § The Term most long time users use --> "decommissioned" in 2000 ○ Now it is called Core BasedStatistical Area • Basic Idea: Use Counties ○ Core Based Statistical Area(CBSA)- (core) urban area of at least 10,000 population plus the county or counties that contain it plus counties with strong commuting ties to the core's county or counties § Ex: Lee county is the county that contains Auburn • Alabama CBSAs ○ 6 CBSAs § Birmingham - Hoover- Talladega, Mobile-Daphne-Fairhope, etc. § LARGE ○ 14 MSAs § Medium ○ 8 (micro)uSAs § Small-ish § LARGE ○ 14 MSAs § Medium ○ 8 (micro)uSAs § Small-ish Perspectives andParadigms • Perspectives ○ We talk about these because you can't see everything at once § Therefore, we focus and ignore § Ex: Portraits (most likely of faces) ○ Scientist can not see everything at once either ○ DISGRESSION:science is both noun and verb § To non-scis, science is body of language § To scientists, science is activity to change body of knowledge □ Doing science requires narrowing focus ○ A fable § The Blind Men and an Elephant (perspective in Siam) □ 3 men wandering through the jungle and they hit something ® They all reach up to feel it, but all have different explanations of what they feel ® They are all right, but they were feeling different parts of the elephant □ The challenge is making the connections ○ So what § What you see depends on where you observe § How you observe □ Telescope □ Microscope § What are you looking for □ You may miss something if you arent looking at it □ Ex: driver does not see things that rider does because they are not focused on it § What is actually there □ Empirical □ Empirical
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