History 1301 Week 3 Notes
History 1301 Week 3 Notes HIST 1301
Austin Community College
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ema Notetaker on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1301 at Austin Community College taught by Dr. T. Thomas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1 in History at Austin Community College.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
____ = Dates ____ = People ____ = Event ____ = Place ____ = Vocab European Colonization of the Americas The English in America o Southern Colonies Chesapeake The Carolinas o New England Plymouth Massachusetts Bay o Middle Atlantic New York New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware England in the 16 century o Religious conflict Catholics vs. Protestants a. Protestant – leaving the church in protest b. Protestant reformation Henry VIII breaks away from church so he can get a divorce a. Creates church of England o Political turmoil Succession crisis – who takes over after Henry VIII leaves o Economic problems Taxing for foreign wars o Elizabeth I Takes thrown within a dozen years of her fathers death Steals wealth from the Spanish to fix economic problems Gives jobs – builds a navy Fixes religious conflict o Defeat of the Spanish Armada - 1588 English navy defeat Spanish navy o Northwest passage Water route through America to china Found in 1903 o Roanoke Colony Leader – Sir Walter Raleigh Whole colony gone within a year Only reminisce of colony is the word “Croatoan” carved in a tree o Spanish gave up the east coast and English claimed the east coast. o Virginia Company 1606 King – James I ____ = Dates ____ = People ____ = Event ____ = Place ____ = Vocab “Joint stock venture” – people would donate money and it would support the journey. Similar to modern day stock company. “Charter” – contract In 1606, 3 ships and ≈ 105 men. 3 months later they get to “James Fort” - Jamestown In 3 months half of the men were dead because of disease, famine and from raids. In 1610 there was a drought that killed 440 English About 1620, there were 6,000 colonists After the Indian attack King James makes Jamestown a royal colony under his direct supervision o Powhatan Confederacy Leader – Powhatan Language - Algonquian Initially helps the English Powhatan died and his brother took over. 1622 – Indians attacked Jamestown. About half the English died. o Virginia recovers and Maryland becomes a catholic refugee camp. o What made Virginia profitable? Tobacco o Indentured servants 2/3rds of entire Chesapeake Colony To grow more tobacco, poor men would pay for their own ticket to the Americas and work for 7 years. After 7 years they would earn 50 acres. If they brought over a friend they get 100 acres and their friend got 50 acres. Restrictions: a. Not allowed to marry unless owner gives permission b. Could be beaten and whipped as discipline c. Contracts could be bought and sold d. Women who became pregnant had their contract extended 2 years while they were pregnant. o Chesapeake society Gender imbalance – more men than women High mortality 2 classes a. Land-owners b. Landless servants o Slavery Anthony Johnson – first black man to be freed after his 7 years working and owned land and also had indentured servants. ____ = Dates ____ = People ____ = Event ____ = Place ____ = Vocab New world slavery Old world slavery Larger scale Field work Household work Race-based
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