New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Geography Chapter 1 Notes

by: Kaelin Kneen

Geography Chapter 1 Notes Geog 1000

Kaelin Kneen

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are notes for fundamentals of world geography. It goes over what geography is and the physical and human elements.
Fundamentals of World Geography (online)
Cliff Todd
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Fundamentals of World Geography (online)

Popular in Geography

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaelin Kneen on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1000 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Cliff Todd in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of World Geography (online) in Geography at University of Nebraska at Omaha.


Reviews for Geography Chapter 1 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/14/16
Chapter 1 Lecture Outline Geography: An Exploration of Connections Pgs. 1­57 Part 1  Introduction o Where is it? Why is it there? Why does it Matter? o What is Geography?  The study of our planet’s surface and the processes that shape it o The Region as a Concept  A region is a unit of earth’s surface with distinct physical and human features  Boundaries are rarely crisp  Geographers use region as a reasonable way to divide the world into manageable  parts  Demarcations are used for various purposes. Definitions may vary.  No two regions are defined by the same set of indicators  Regions can vary greatly in size  Boundaries are indistinct and hard to agree upon  Physical Geography Perspectives o Landforms: The Sculpting of the Earth  Geomorphology: study of the configuration of the Earth’s solid surface  Alfred Wegner used spatial analysis to explain Pangaea.  Plate Tectonics  Earths surface is composed of large plates that float on top of an  underlying layer of molten rock  Plate movements influence the shapes of major landforms  Volcanoes are from subduction  Landscape Processes  Floodplain­ small valleys between hills that are filled in by silt  Delta­ where rivers meet the sea (floodplains often fan out into triangle) o Climate  Weather­ the immediate and short­term conditions of the atmosphere  Ex. Temperature, humidity, wind  Climate­ the long term conditions (at least 30 years) of aggregate weather over a  region, summarized by average of variability  Ex. Temperature or precipitation  Climate Regions  Koppen Classification System­ climate regions based on temp and precipitation.   Human Geography Perspectives o Often have to look in the past to understand the present o Cultural Geography  Culture­ representation of ideas, materials, methods, and social arrangements that people have invented  i.e. language, music, gender roles, beliefs, morals  Religion and Belief Systems  Formal and informal institutions that embody value system  Informal religions are called BELIEF SYSTEMS, no formal central  doctrine or policy  Language  Between 2,500 and 3,500 languages are spoken on Earth today  Many language have several dialects (pronunciation and vocabulary)  English is a dominant world language along with Chinese Arabic  Spanish Hindi and French  Material Culture and Technology  Is all the things that people make and use  Material culture reflects its technology which is an integrated system of  knowledge, skills, tools, and methods upon which a culture group bases  its way of life.  Race  Race markers­ skin color, hair texture, face, body.  No significance as biological categories  Race has acquired enormous social and political significance.  Altruism­ the willingness to sacrifice one’s own well­being for the sake  of others.  Globalization and Culture Change  Multiculturalism­ the state of relating to, reflecting, or being adapted to  several cultures Part 2  Thematic Concepts and Their Role in this Book o Population  Study of the growth and decline of numbers of people on Earth, their distribution  across Earth, age and sex distribution, migration patterns and what makes people  move  Global Patterns of Population Growth  Took approx. 1­2 million years for humans to evolve and to reach a  global population of 2 billion. Then in just 66 years the world’s  population more than tripled to 7.1 billion.  People are not equally distributed. People are concentrated on about 20% of the available land  Rate of natural increase (RNI): the relationship in a given population  between the number of people being born (BIRTH RATE) and the  number dying (DEATH RATE) without regard to the effects of  migration.  The RNI is expressed as a percentage per year  Local Variation in Population Density and Growth  Total fertility rate (TFR): the average of children a women in country is  likely to have during her reproductive years  Age and Sex Structures  Population Pyramid o A graph that depicts age and sex structures o Also reveal sex differences within populations  Normal ratio worldwide is about 95 females to every  100 males  Population Growth Rates and Wealth  Gross National Income (GNI) per capita: the total production of goods  and services of a country in a given year  Demographic Transition o A period where high birth and death rates are giving way to a  period of much lower birth and death rates  Subsistence economy­ a family, usually in a rural setting, produces most of its  own food, clothing, and shelter.  Cash economy­ tends to be a urban but may be rural, skilled workers, well­ trained specialists, and even farm laborers are paid in money o Gender  Gender­ how a particular social group defines the difference between the sexes  Sex­ the biological category of male or female but does not indicate how males  or females behave or identify themselves.  Gender Roles  The socially assigned roles for males and females  Women stay at home, clean, cook, and tend for children. Women tend to  marry early. One quarter of girls in developing countries are mothers  before 18. Pregnancy is the leading cause of death among girls 15­19.  Women have less access to education than men. Less likely to have  information and paid employment.  Gender Issues  Military and sports  In many countries women are enlisting in the military, many are  acquiring education at higher rates than males. o Development  A shift in society as people move from extractive activities to industrial and  service activities, their material standards of living rise  Three types of economic activities:  Primary sector (extraction): mining and agriculture  Secondary Sector (industrial production): processing, manufacturing, and construction  Tertiary Sector (services): sales, entertainment, and financial  Quaternary: education, research, and IT  Measures of Economic Development  GDP per capita  Geographic Patterns of Human Well­Being  GNI  HDI  GEI o Food  Modern Food Production and Vulnerability o Urbanization  Why are Cities Growing?  Patterns of Urban Growth o Globalization  What is the Global Economy?  The Debate over Globalization and Free Trade o Democratization  The Expansion of Democracy  International Coorperation o Water  Calculating Water Use per Capita  Who Owns Water? Who Gets Access to It?  Water Quality o Global Climate   Humans and the Environment  Consequences of Global Climate Change Cartography­ making of maps Spatial Analysis­ study of how people, objects, or ideas are related to one another across space Global scale­ the entire world as a single area World regional scale­ largest divisions of the globe Local scale­ a small, specific area A common economic measure of development is gross domestic product (GDP) per capita


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.