COMM2200 Industry Ownership
COMM2200 Industry Ownership COMM2200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hyejin Kwon on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM2200 at Cornell University taught by L. Humphreys in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Media Communication in Communication at Cornell University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Industry Ownership What is “political economy”? - The study of the social relations, particularly the power relations, that mutually constitute the production, distribution and consumption of resources, including communication resources - There are systemic differences in who produces/creates/owns the media gender, race, ethnicity News production - Overall, men generated 62.1% of news, women generated 37.3% - 6 O’clock news_ 64% of the time anchored by men-majority of screen time - Men telling you the news TV News General Managers - Caucasians represented 943% of TV general managers in news in 2014 - No. of minority general managers fell 2.4 % points between 2013 and 2014 Internet - 42% of women wrote online news - Huffington post was that only Internet outlet to not only achieve parity but also exceed parity Wires - Male bylines exceeded female bylines for the Associated Press and Reuters Television Production - Of all the creators, writers, producers, executive producers, photography directors and editors of prime-time TV entertainment, only 27% are women - Minority male TV directors increased 3% in 2014 due to Tyler Perry’s shows on the O Network (not through other more famous networks but O network, opera’s network owned by a colored women) Television Stations - Women own 6.8% of television stations - Men own 64.8% (28% with no majority gender interest- half half or more than 2 types) - Racial minorities own 2.2% of television station - Whites own 69% (28% with no majority race interest) Commercial Radio - Women- 58% - Men- 76.5% - 16% no majority gender interest - Racial minorities own 2.5%, whites own 79.6%, 16.9% no majority race interest Internet - Men-70% = Google, Apple, Facebook, Twitter Film - Of directors, executive producers, products, writers, cinematographers and editors of the most profitable films of 2014 83% men, 17% women - 2013 leading movies acting roles in Film dropped from 1.7% to 0% for Latinos - Screenwriters: men = 85%, women= 15% How does minority owned media look different from “mainstream” media? LiveNation example - Colored male started it, majority of board members are white men - How does this influence the content? Summary - There are power differences that shape who owns and produces the media industry - Women and minorities are significantly less likely to own and produce much of the media industry (exceptions: fashion magazines) - There are no differences in overall media consumption by race or gender
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