Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes Pols 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by D'Angel Brooks on Wednesday September 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Lakeyta Bonnette in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see American Government in Government at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/14/16
Chapter 1 Notes : Introduction: The Citizen and Government o America is based on the ideas of Liberty, Equality, and Democracy America values : Liberty : the freedom from government control. Linked to the concept of "limited government" Ex: Abortion rights Equality: equality of opportunity (but not equality of outcome) & political equality – the right to participate in politics equally To treat people fairly Democracy: Americans' commitment to democracy is based on three principles – Popular sovereignty: the people ultimately has political authority Ex: vote Majority rule: the majority preferences are followed by the government's decisions Minority rights: Some minority interests must be protected even in front of majority thoughts. Ex: The Tea Party The Government Affects Out Daily Lives -Americans expect a lot from the government The government -keeps us safe while protecting individual liberties and privacy -supports the poor while keeping the taxes low -promotes business growth while keeping a healthy environment -able to handle crisis' quickly & effectively while keeping the government small *Not every government decision is based off of what the people want * Political Efficacy -The belief that a person has the ability to influence what the government does is called political efficacy. While a low amount of citizens in the past (25%) believed that the government didn’t care about what citizens thought , there has been an increase in the amount of citizens who believes that the government doesn’t care about what they think today (78%). Citizenship Citizenship: participation in public affairs ; "enlightened political engagement" Voting – building block of citizenship Citizens can influence their government by jury duty, rallies, etc. Effective participation requires knowledge Government Government: the institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled. It is hard to build a gov. that lasts and promotes liberty, equality, and democracy. Types of Government : Inclusiveness Governments can be categorized in ascending levels of inclusiveness Different forms of governments are defined by power and freedom Autocracies : gov. Controlled by one person (monarch or dictator) Oligarchies: gov. Controlled by a small group (military officers, wealth merchants, landowners) Democracies: citizens play a significant part in the governmental process Representative: citizens have the opportunity to elect gov. Officials Direct: citizens vote directly for policies and laws *America is a representative democracy* Types of Government: Limits Governments can be categorized in descending levels of the limits they have on their own authority. Totalitarian governments: government recognizes little or no limits on their authority Authoritarian governments: recognizes no formal limits on their authority , constrained by social institutions Constitutional governments: recognizes and codifies effective limits on their authority Politics Politics - Conflicts over leadership, character, membership, structure, and policies of any organization to which people belong. *Common American Concerns: Immigration and Religious Affiliations* Goal of politics is having a say in what happens; having a share in what happens is called power or influence
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