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IST Class Notes Starting to learn commands

by: Amanda Nopee

IST Class Notes Starting to learn commands IST 261 Intro to Lunux

Marketplace > Marshall University > Computer Programming > IST 261 Intro to Lunux > IST Class Notes Starting to learn commands
Amanda Nopee
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These notes will show you step by step how to access different things using commands in the terminal. Next week I will upload the corresponding commands.
Intro to Linux
Brunty, Joshua
Class Notes
Users, system, Processes, memory, ETC
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Nopee on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to IST 261 Intro to Lunux at Marshall University taught by Brunty, Joshua in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Linux in Computer Programming at Marshall University.

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Date Created: 09/15/16
INTRO TO LINUX NOTES 09/15/2016 Part 1 The first step is to open a terminal. Change over to your desktop by typing “cd Desktop” ~ You can type in “getfacl (insert file name here) – from here you can see all of the current output. You can also see all of your permissions. If you want to change the output simply type “Setfacl”. Here you can set options.  Usage: Setfacl [-bkndRLP] { -m/-m/ -x/ -X . . . } file . . .  Try “setfacl –help for more information. Type in while using the cd desktop, “setfacl --help’ for more information. For example this should look like this: “amanda@ubuntu:~Desktop$ Setfacl -m u:amanda:r --, u:root:r -days”  “Days” is my file name. This set user permissions and access controls privileges. Part 2 Utilities: For example, this should start out looking like… “amanda@ubuntu:~$” --------------------------------------------------------- To see the users on a machine type in “finger. It should say “the program “finger” is currently not installed. Now type in “Sudo apt install finger”. You can now see all the information. This would include name and their timestamp and user log information. ________________________________________ If you just want to know the users type “Who”. You will now see only the whom is logged in. INTRO TO LINUX NOTES 09/15/2016 Another good command would be “Uptime”. This shows the load average, and the users along with the time they have been logged in.  You can also run a command called “free”. This shows the total, used, free, shared, cache, and available Memory… Part 3 Type “Hostname” This command will show you the machine name. Type the command “Top”. This command will show you the memory space, users, etc… Multiple things. Press CTRL +Z Now type in “Top –U”. Then type in the particular username your using. Open up a web browser. Go to “”. When google comes up search anything. Notice your web browser is the consuming the most Virtual Memory that we saw in the “free” Command. Open another terminal. Leave the other open. Type in “Top” notice your command is rising to the top of the list. Open up a 3 terminal. Type “Kill 6886” (6886 is my Number next to my TOP. This could be different for you!) Notice it closes the corresponding number. (PID) -- Type a “PS” this will tell you about your user accounts. It will also inform you what they are running.


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