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Wednesday, Week 5 Notes

by: Jon Connor Davis

Wednesday, Week 5 Notes 1010

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Jon Connor Davis

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These notes begin Unit three with Classical Religions and philosophies
World History 1
Daren Ray
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jon Connor Davis on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1010 at Auburn University taught by Daren Ray in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
Classical Religions andPhilosophies Wednesday, September 14, 2016 2:00 PM I. IdeologyandLimitsofHumanperception a. Sage:a wiseperson,usedheretoincludebothphilosophersandreligiousleaders b. Ideology:asetofideasthat peopleusetoexplainthe worldaroundthem c. Both Religionandphilosophyproposeanswerstouniversalhumanexperiences d. Cosmology:whatisreal? i. Cosmology:theorderoflife,theuniverse,andeverything e. TheProblemofEvil:Whydo peoplesuffer? i. Philosophiesarewaysofexplainingrealitythroughreasoneddiscourse. II. Religiouscategories: a. Pantheism:naturepopulatedbyspiritsandgods b. Polytheism:worshipofmanygods c. Henotheism:worshipofonegodamongmany d. Monotheism:onlyoneGodexists III. A-theisticPhilosophies: a. Animism/non-theism-allmatterispervadedbyspirit b. Agnosticism-Godmightexist c. Atheism-Goddoesnotexist d. Secularism-separationofreligionfrompolitics e. Skepticism-wecannottrustreasonoroursensesonanything,whywouldwetrust"extra- sensory"experiences? f. Humanism-Historyiscreatedbyhumansonly IV. AfricanClassicalAge a. Afrasans i. Henotheistic: 1. Many gods andspirits,butworshiponlyone 2. Clanpriests 3. Early Judaism b. Niger-Congo i. Monotheism+Polytheism ii. Threelevels 1. SupremeGod 2. Territorialspirits 3. Ancestors iii. Mean peopleorspiritscauseevil"Witchcraft" c. Khoisan i. Animism(landscapesuffusedwithspirit) V. Zoroastrianism: a. ThefirstMonotheisticfaith b. Thereligion: i. AssociatedwiththePersianEmpire ii. Dualism:contestbetweenGood/Evil=reality iii. AhuraMazda (order)vs.Ahriman(chaos) iv. Avesta:HolyTexts(hymn-poems,rituals) c. Teachingsemphasizepersonalaccountability VI. Judaism a. ReligionoftheKingdomsofJudahandIsraelandlandofCanaan b. DivinelawsgiventhrucovenantwithGod c. Mosesa pivotalprophet,buttraditionstretchesbackatleastto Abraham d. Scripture:Torah e. No activemissionaryefforts,thoughpeoplecouldadoptthereligion. VII. Christianity: a. Jesus i. Claimedtobeamessiah ii. Taught divineloveofGodforall iii. Son ofGod iv. AimedtopurgeJewishpreisthood b. Scripture:Bible c. ChristianityspreadsinspiteofpersecutionbytheRomanEmpire. VIII. IndianReligions a. VedicReligions i. 1750-500 BC ii. Polytheistic,worshipedIndra iii. Rig Veda=hymnsofworship iv. Upanishads=wisdomofthesages b. Brahmanism(~1000 BC) i. Brahman=casteof priestsand"UltimateReality" ii. Laws ofManu recordlawsthat dictaterolesofoccupationalcastes(ex:Horizontal community) iii. Thisis thereligiondescribedintheUpanishads,includesnotionsofreincarnationand castes. c. ReactionstoBrahmanism i. Jainism:confinedtoSouthAsia ii. Mahavira,most influentialJainSage 1. Anti-materialistteaching: a. Nonviolence,speaktruth,nostealing,restraintfromsexandfood 2. Alllifeissacred 3. Wealthcreatessuffering 4. Enforcingvirtueishypocritical iii. Buddhism:foundedbyGautamaSiddartha 1. Ideasare spreadovertraderoutes 2. ThefirstWorld Religion 3. RejectsCaseas alimitonreligiousstatus 4. 3 jewels a. Buddha b. Dharma c. Sangha 5. 4 nobletruths:natureofsuffering,itsorigins,itscessation,andthewayleading to cesssation IX. China:Philosophies,notreligions a. Confucianism: filialpiety,benevolenthierarchy,emphasisonvirtue b. Daoism:dao"way",disengagementfromsociety,emphasisonvirtues,systematic observationofnature c. Legalism:Order,beliefthatpeoplearebadandthat obediencewithoutconsiderationof virtueisessential d. Mozi and Xunzi:arguedforuniversalloveand thatprogressand freedomcouldcreate humangoodnessrespectively. X. GreekRationalism: a. Developmentofrationalism i. Math: the numbercultofPythagorus ii. Atomists:Democritus iii. Parmenides:everythingisone iv. Socrates:"unexaminedlifeisn'tworthliving" v. Plato,Aristotle,Hippocratus,etc. b. Foundationofschoolsofthought i. Sophists:emphasisonrhetoric ii. Skepticism:disbeliefinthesenses iii. Stoicism:acceptmisfortunewhileseekingthegood,natureismorallyneutral XI. SimilarconclusionsFromtheSages: a. Creationfromnothing b. Monotheism/Divineunity c. DivineLove(ofhumans) d. PowerofObservationandquantification i. Especiallymedicine e. Limitsofperceptionandreason f. Salvation/immorality/perfection g. Followerswroteeverythingdown


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