Soc 301, Week 4 Notes
Soc 301, Week 4 Notes G St 303
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G St 303
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Collin Wilbanks on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to G St 303 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Elise S Lake in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 113 views. For similar materials see Sociology of the Family in Sociology at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
12 September 2016 The Functionalist Deﬁnition (cont.) However, there are many other institutions that perform these functions. Therefore, these functions cannot be solely attributed to families. So, this is not the best way to deﬁne the family Ira Reiss’ Universal Deﬁnition of Family He criticized the functionalist deﬁnition because he said it tries to do too much. It is not accurate or sensical to place that many institutions under one umbrella. So what makes families unique from other institutions? Nurturance of the newborn is the one key deﬁning factor of what makes a family emotional support and response Family: a kinship-structured group with the key function of nurturant socialization of the newborn Eliminated all the other functions from the functionalist deﬁnition because there are institutions that can also perform those roles He also recognized that others can take care of other people’s children quite well, but the underlined portioned dichotomize the roles. Kinship is a social recognition of familial ties — it brings with it a unique, personal obligation to that newborn Fundamental Elements of Family Household Structure Vertical structure: number of generations in household ex. grandparents, parents, parents’ children in the same household 1-2 generational household referred to as nuclear household (parents, parents’ children) more than two generations in a household or household with other relatives referred to as an extended household common in more traditional societies, such as agricultural societies extended families provide a great deal of social stability, as well as social control (rule enforcement) Horizontal structure Tracing of descent Rules of residence 14 September 2016 Fundamental Elements of Family Household Structure (cont) Vertical structure: number of generations in household extended households — more than two generations in the household, or household with other relatives William Goode — the “nucleation” of the family (extended households break up into nuclear households) causes: rapid economic changes, breaking up of large estates, migration of family members elsewhere, industrialization of society typical of industrializing nations such as China and India, which have both had long histories of extended households industrialized nations jobs tend to be achievement based. Less likely to simply inherit a job from your parents or grandparents, which was at one time very common workers in these societies usually need to be geographically mobile because workers are usually geographically mobile, it leads to less people getting educated and then ﬁnding jobs back home. They move oﬀ workers must also be socially mobile (moving upward or downward in the social class system) these jobs typically don’t pay enough to allow mobility for the entire family…another reason for nucleation as workers move on after they’ve found work nevertheless, extended family relationships (not households) may remain highly important Horizontal structure: the marriage structure of the family. most common form worldwide is monogamy (2 people in the relationship) — ﬁts the sex ratio better serial monogamy: many monogamous relationships (divorced, remarried, divorced, remarried, etc) messes up divorce statistics 6-10% of the population do this polygamy is 1 of one sex and 2+ of the opposite sex polygyny is 1 man, 2+ women (more common) polyandry is 1 woman, 2+ men usually a sign of superior social status — it’s very expensive to have multiple wives with all the kids that come with that practice. Usually in these societies, women do not work, so man has to make a ton of money group marriage — not common at all Tracing of descent Rules of residence
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