Literature 382-- Week 2
Literature 382-- Week 2 LIT 382
Popular in Contemporary Latin American Literature
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Hill on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LIT 382 at Southern Connecticut State University taught by Professor Rafael Hernandez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Latin American Literature in Literature at Southern Connecticut State University.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
Week 2 9/6/16 LIT 38201 Contemporary Latin American Literature Since it’s impossible for someone to know everything, there are several canons as one cannot create just one canon universally because it depends on many things such as background, interests, etc. Some examples of different universal canons in literature are American, French, feminist, classic, and British. In the end, everything is a cultural artifact, even at their different levels. Writing that is selective is already considered fiction, to an extent. Writers who were historians wrote epic battles to create stories out of them, whereas today history is more written as objective/factual/scientific. From the PowerPoint Presentation: 1492—Discovery of America 1500—Discovery of Brazil 1521—Conquest of Mexico 1525—Francisco de Turrazas, first Hispanic poet born in Mexico 1533—Conquest of Peru 1536—Conquest of Chili 1539—First printed book in the Americas (Mexico) 1551—Universities of Mexico and Peru created 1580—Buenos Aires was founded A few major poets came to Latin America from Europe in the 16 and 17 centuries st La Araucana—1 epic poem about America, the conquest of Chile 16 17 century Latin America was very productive in its literacy. This was the Golden Age of Spanish literature, as Spain was notorious for producing the most beautiful literature pieces written and had the most important literature figures in the world. Poets moved back and forth between the metropolis and colonies, convents and colleges/universities, actively educating children of conquerors and Indigenous nobility all over the continent. Mystical pieces of literature were written and the two most popular mystics were San Juan of the Cross and Santa Teresa of Avila. A mystic is a person who has direct contact with God and they wrote poems of their experiences with God. A lot of these works can be easily compared to a sexual experience, as the feelings and emotions brought on from the mystic in their divine experience is very similar to the euphoria of having a joyful, sexual experience. The discovery of a New World created a need to understand and explain new lands, vegetation, animals, peoples, and their cultures. This need gave birth to new literacy genres such as chronicles, accounts, histories, dictionaries, and grammars of the indigenous languages in order to understand them. The literature and culture of Latin America flourished during the baroque period. The culture is from the very beginning of when it was built; we can see it in the architecture, traditions, music, religion, art, food, clothes, dance, and language. The churches were created via the people with translations from interpretations from other cultures. The first major literature genius of Latin America was a Mexican nun who became an important in the literature voices of the 17 century, Juana de Abaje Ramirez aka Juana Ines de la Cruz (165195). She owned one of the best private libraries in Latin America. In almost 300 years the literature and culture of Latin America evolved 3 major sources by mixing the languages, traditions, sensibilities, and races: o Indigenous American o European o African. th In the beginning of the 19 century, Latin American colonies were ready to be independent, started around 1810. Once independent, the new nations had to confront a problem: what type of society would they have? The needed to decide the type of government they wanted and they had two models to go from: the French model (centralized republic) and the American model (federal republic). They chose the American model, thought they were not prepared for it. Many civil wars imposed 2 different governments, including 2 monarchies in Mexico. 9/7/16 People write books to explore the society Latin American Countries had. The end of the th 19 century had the most importance/influence about family, love, and relationships, coming out of the Romantic Period. Socially, family holds value and is easily relatable for the common people. The closest metaphor for society and to explore society is family. But is love enough to have a successful and happy family? Writers would educate/initiate people through their writing by bringing two people together from different cultures to create a new society. WWI affected Europe more than the USA: artists and students began to question what’s happening, thus developing what we call Avant Garde, meaning “the first to do something” derived from “the front guard” from the army. The Avant Garde motivators decided they’ve had enough of the old ways, so in the 19 th 20 centuries they started over again to create their own movements. Some better known movements are: o Surrealism: Questioning time; life isn’t what you think it is or matters; the truth is in the subconscious; you don’t really know what you want; life is weird, just surrender to it; the subconscious/intuition/internal passions are what matter; following Freud in his idea that desire moves us o Futurism: Everything that was created in the past was denied; war was a way of the world so they could get rid of the old ways to keep population in balance to make room for the new o Dadaism: Breaking from everything; create a culture to create the sensation to be a kid again; learn how to be a child again o Cubism Bringing different ideas to the art and experimented with their ideas The reality of Latin America was the most important to discuss among socialist and realists. They both claim they talk about Latin America at the same time with reality. There was an importance to how humans felt about nature. Society vs nature is very different in Latin America vs the USA; there’s always a conflict between civilization vs barbarianism. Pedro Paramo discusses the social issues and revolution Latin America has had without sacrificing artistic interest by including nature and the land the people were always wary of.
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