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Literature 382-- Week 2

by: Alexandra Hill

Literature 382-- Week 2 LIT 382

Alexandra Hill
GPA 3.0

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About this Document

Week 2 notes from class. Sorry this was uploaded late. This has a lot of the information we went over from the power point presentations we had last week, so there's a lot of info I boiled down to ...
Contemporary Latin American Literature
Professor Rafael Hernandez
Class Notes
Literature, english, Lit
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Hill on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to LIT 382 at Southern Connecticut State University taught by Professor Rafael Hernandez in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Latin American Literature in Literature at Southern Connecticut State University.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
Week 2 9/6/16 LIT 382­01 Contemporary Latin American Literature  Since it’s impossible for someone to know everything, there are several canons as one  cannot create just one canon universally because it depends on many things such as  background, interests, etc. Some examples of different universal canons in literature are  American, French, feminist, classic, and British.    In the end, everything is a cultural artifact, even at their different levels.  Writing that is selective is already considered fiction, to an extent. Writers who were  historians wrote epic battles to create stories out of them, whereas today history is more  written as objective/factual/scientific. From the PowerPoint Presentation:  1492—Discovery of America  1500—Discovery of Brazil  1521—Conquest of Mexico  1525—Francisco de Turrazas, first Hispanic poet born in Mexico  1533—Conquest of Peru  1536—Conquest of Chili  1539—First printed book in the Americas (Mexico)  1551—Universities of Mexico and Peru created  1580—Buenos Aires was founded  A few major poets came to Latin America from Europe in the 16  and 17  centuries st  La Araucana—1  epic poem about America, the conquest of Chile  16 ­17  century Latin America was very productive in its literacy. This was the Golden  Age of Spanish literature, as Spain was notorious for producing the most beautiful  literature pieces written and had the most important literature figures in the world.   Poets moved back and forth between the metropolis and colonies, convents and  colleges/universities, actively educating children of conquerors and Indigenous nobility  all over the continent.   Mystical pieces of literature were written and the two most popular mystics were San  Juan of the Cross and Santa Teresa of Avila. A mystic is a person who has direct contact  with God and they wrote poems of their experiences with God. A lot of these works can  be easily compared to a sexual experience, as the feelings and emotions brought on from  the mystic in their divine experience is very similar to the euphoria of having a joyful,  sexual experience.  The discovery of a New World created a need to understand and explain new lands,  vegetation, animals, peoples, and their cultures. This need gave birth to new literacy  genres such as chronicles, accounts, histories, dictionaries, and grammars of the  indigenous languages in order to understand them.   The literature and culture of Latin America flourished during the baroque period. The  culture is from the very beginning of when it was built; we can see it in the architecture,  traditions, music, religion, art, food, clothes, dance, and language. The churches were  created via the people with translations from interpretations from other cultures.  The first major literature genius of Latin America was a Mexican nun who became an  important in the literature voices of the 17  century, Juana de Abaje Ramirez aka Juana  Ines de la Cruz (1651­95). She owned one of the best private libraries in Latin America.   In almost 300 years the literature and culture of Latin America evolved 3 major sources  by mixing the languages, traditions, sensibilities, and races:  o Indigenous American  o European  o African.    th  In the beginning of the 19  century, Latin American colonies were ready to be  independent, started around 1810. Once independent, the new nations had to confront a  problem: what type of society would they have? The needed to decide the type of  government they wanted and they had two models to go from: the French model  (centralized republic) and the American model (federal republic). They chose the  American model, thought they were not prepared for it. Many civil wars imposed 2  different governments, including 2 monarchies in Mexico. 9/7/16  People write books to explore the society Latin American Countries had. The end of the  th 19  century had the most importance/influence about family, love, and relationships,  coming out of the Romantic Period. Socially, family holds value and is easily relatable  for the common people.   The closest metaphor for society and to explore society is family. But is love enough to  have a successful and happy family?   Writers would educate/initiate people through their writing by bringing two people  together from different cultures to create a new society.   WWI affected Europe more than the USA: artists and students began to question what’s  happening, thus developing what we call Avant Garde, meaning “the first to do  something” derived from “the front guard” from the army.   The Avant Garde motivators decided they’ve had enough of the old ways, so in the 19 ­ th 20  centuries they started over again to create their own movements. Some better known  movements are:  o Surrealism: Questioning time; life isn’t what you think it is or matters; the truth is  in the subconscious; you don’t really know what you want; life is weird, just  surrender to it; the subconscious/intuition/internal passions are what matter;  following Freud in his idea that desire moves us  o Futurism: Everything that was created in the past was denied; war was a way of  the world so they could get rid of the old ways to keep population in balance to  make room for the new  o Dadaism: Breaking from everything; create a culture to create the sensation to be  a kid again; learn how to be a child again o Cubism  Bringing different ideas to the art and experimented with their ideas  The reality of Latin America was the most important to discuss among socialist and  realists. They both claim they talk about Latin America at the same time with reality.   There was an importance to how humans felt about nature. Society vs nature is very  different in Latin America vs the USA; there’s always a conflict between civilization vs  barbarianism.   Pedro Paramo discusses the social issues and revolution Latin America has had without  sacrificing artistic interest by including nature and the land the people were always wary  of.


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