Arch History Week 3
Arch History Week 3 ARCH 211
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 211 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Gregor Kalas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see History of Arch in Architecture at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
1 Architecture History September 7, 2016 - Rome/Imperial Forums o Forum of Caesar o Forum of Augustus o Republican Roman Forum o Introduction of marble o Honoring the past was very important o Funerary context in the Roman Forum Ring for gladiatorial combat around 100 BCE Roman aristocrat carrying wax portraits of ancestors for a funerary procession - Temple of Mars Ultor o Forum of Augustus Rome o Only one entrance on the side o Elevated level on façade side Creates a porch-like area o Behind the rows of columns, there were areas for people to gather for legal purposes - Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr, PA o Walter Cope Architect o M.Carey Thomas Hall - Forum of Augustus, Rome o Aeneas with members of the Julian family on the northwest o Romulus and historical heroes on the southeast - Temple of Mars o Forum of Augustus Rome 2 o Pegasus Pilaster capital forum of Augustus Idea that the gods are “smiling” down on Augustus - Altar of Augustan Peace (Ara Pacis Augusti) in Rome o Built to celebrate the return of Augustus in 13 BCE o Marble Roman structure o Senators, officials, and Imperial family are depicted on the wall - Forum of Trajan o Apollodorus of Damascus o Largest of Forums Possibly the most luxurious o More emphasis on military success Statue in the middle of the space - Column of Trajan in Rome o Architect: Apollodorus of Damascus o Made of 20 blocks Each of 2.5 Tons o Purpose was to perfectly and symmetrically create a helix of stairs leading to the top Correspond the rectangular base with the helix o Trajan got the right to be buried within the city People and citizens were to be buried outside of the city - Basilica Ulpia o Timber roof o Usually flanked by isles o Tall hall down middle o Creates an important public space for public announcements o Very traditional in the Roman world
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