Arch History Week 4
Arch History Week 4 ARCH 211
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 211 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Gregor Kalas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see History of Arch in Architecture at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
1 Architecture History September 12, 2016 - House of Augustus on the Palatine Hill - Domus Aurea/Nero’s Golden House o Rome o Architects: Severus & Celer o Nero Forced to commit suicide Found ways to use materials that were fire-resistant Augustus wanted to build a marble city, however marble turns to powder when burned They used bricks and concrete in innovative ways o Occupies 300 acres o Way of establishing self o Bronze statue within park o Palatine Section of Domus Aurea Discovered in 2009 by Maria Antonietta Tomei The ceiling would change along with the courses o Octagonal Room Spatial and architectural concept of circular brick patterns Underlying wooden formwork holding together the elements They used certain materials to lighten the dome Solid voids that circle room Also open up the spaces Light wells created Opening to sky Oculus o Latin term for “Eye” o Moving from linear system to a curved spaced - Giovanni Battista Piranesi 2 - Maritime ‘Theater’ Hadiran’s Villa o Maritime ‘Theater’ Private space Door/area separating public from private Rocco Bruno Within the “Accademia” Idea of replicating the heavens o Canopus and Serapeum Caryatids lining the canopus Serapeum Dedicated to king Public space for gathering people Dining area Appolodorus of Damascus Openings circulating room Small waterfalls in each o Comes from aquaduct system throughout building o Water travels throughout the spaces Illusion of guests floating due to the organization of water and seating areas Cooling effects throughout the building o Fishing Pond Underground galleries “Hell-like” space underground, water above - The Pantheon o Rome o Oculus in center o Steps counteract forces, allowing weight to be carried Support system o Conventional exterior façade o When looking up at the Pantheon, the dome wasn’t visible Meant to feel like you’re entering a more conventional space 1 Architecture History September 14, 2016 - Arch of Constantine o Rome o Triumph over Maxentius in 312 o 313-315 CE o Constantine triumphed over Romans o Constantine Ruthless conqueror Killed his first born o Arch Notes “He saw some light” Religious relationships Round sections were made around the time of Hadrian Column carvings made around time of Trajan o Spolia “Spoiled” - The Colosseum o Rome o Also known as “Flavian Amphitheater” o Built by Vespasian Inaugurated under Titus 80 CE o Doric Order Tuscan Column o Ionic Order Corinthian Capital o Pilaster - Porta Marzia (Gate of Mars) o @ Perugia o Most important South-oriented door of the city o Has a vault arch decorated above by a o loggia from which jut out five sculptures o Voussoirs Wedge-shaped/tapered stone used to construct an arch - Pont-du-Gard 2 o Nimes, France o Aqueduct o “Bridge of the Gard” o Ancient Roman engineering constructed about 19 BC o 155ft High o Built without mortar - Groin Vaulting o It’s called a groin vault, because it comes together like a V o It’s made from two barrel vaults that cross each other, so that they make an X shape o Popular in Romanesque churches o Main advantage is it takes all the weight of the roof and concentrates it on just four points at the corners of each bay