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Arch History Week 4

by: Katie Mayes

Arch History Week 4 ARCH 211

Katie Mayes
GPA 3.56

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About this Document

These notes cover all in-class notes and examples, important vocab, pictures, history terms, etc.
History of Arch
Dr. Gregor Kalas
Class Notes
Architecture, history
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 211 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Gregor Kalas in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see History of Arch in Architecture at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.

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Date Created: 09/15/16
1 Architecture History September 12, 2016 - House of Augustus on the Palatine Hill - Domus Aurea/Nero’s Golden House o Rome o Architects: Severus & Celer o Nero  Forced to commit suicide  Found ways to use materials that were fire-resistant  Augustus wanted to build a marble city, however marble turns to powder when burned  They used bricks and concrete in innovative ways o Occupies 300 acres o Way of establishing self o Bronze statue within park o Palatine Section of Domus Aurea  Discovered in 2009 by Maria Antonietta Tomei  The ceiling would change along with the courses o Octagonal Room  Spatial and architectural concept of circular brick patterns  Underlying wooden formwork holding together the elements  They used certain materials to lighten the dome  Solid voids that circle room Also open up the spaces  Light wells created  Opening to sky  Oculus o Latin term for “Eye” o Moving from linear system to a curved spaced - Giovanni Battista Piranesi 2 - Maritime ‘Theater’ Hadiran’s Villa o Maritime ‘Theater’  Private space  Door/area separating public from private  Rocco Bruno  Within the “Accademia”  Idea of replicating the heavens o Canopus and Serapeum  Caryatids lining the canopus  Serapeum  Dedicated to king  Public space for gathering people  Dining area  Appolodorus of Damascus  Openings circulating room  Small waterfalls in each o Comes from aquaduct system throughout building o Water travels throughout the spaces  Illusion of guests floating due to the organization of water and seating areas  Cooling effects throughout the building o Fishing Pond  Underground galleries  “Hell-like” space underground, water above - The Pantheon o Rome o Oculus in center o Steps counteract forces, allowing weight to be carried  Support system o Conventional exterior façade o When looking up at the Pantheon, the dome wasn’t visible  Meant to feel like you’re entering a more conventional space 1 Architecture History September 14, 2016 - Arch of Constantine o Rome o Triumph over Maxentius in 312 o 313-315 CE o Constantine triumphed over Romans o Constantine  Ruthless conqueror  Killed his first born o Arch Notes  “He saw some light”  Religious relationships  Round sections were made around the time of Hadrian  Column carvings made around time of Trajan o Spolia  “Spoiled” - The Colosseum o Rome o Also known as “Flavian Amphitheater” o Built by Vespasian  Inaugurated under Titus  80 CE o Doric Order  Tuscan Column o Ionic Order  Corinthian Capital o Pilaster - Porta Marzia (Gate of Mars) o @ Perugia o Most important South-oriented door of the city o Has a vault arch decorated above by a o loggia from which jut out five sculptures o Voussoirs  Wedge-shaped/tapered stone used to construct an arch - Pont-du-Gard 2 o Nimes, France o Aqueduct o “Bridge of the Gard” o Ancient Roman engineering constructed about 19 BC o 155ft High o Built without mortar - Groin Vaulting o It’s called a groin vault, because it comes together like a V o It’s made from two barrel vaults that cross each other, so that they make an X shape o Popular in Romanesque churches o Main advantage is it takes all the weight of the roof and concentrates it on just four points at the corners of each bay


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