New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 12: The US Health Care System

by: Sydney Corey

Chapter 12: The US Health Care System PHS 1514

Sydney Corey
Virginia Tech
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Personal Health

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Personal Health notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Notes on chapter 12
Personal Health
Amy Smith
Class Notes
Personal, health, Healthcare, US Healthcare System




Popular in Personal Health

Popular in Population Health Sciences

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Corey on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHS 1514 at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University taught by Amy Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Personal Health in Population Health Sciences at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Similar to PHS 1514 at Virginia Tech

Popular in Population Health Sciences


Reviews for Chapter 12: The US Health Care System


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/15/16
CHAPTER 12: THE U.S HEALTH CARE SYSTEM 1. Organization of our Health Care System • Components and Levels of Care o Contemporary health care is described as being at one of three levels: primary, secondary or tertiary Primary Health Care - the diagnosis and treatment of simple, routine o illnesses (acne, influenza, high BP) Secondary Health Care - the use of specialists for more complex or o unusual conditions Tertiary Health Care - the utilization of complex medical services and o networks in order to diagnose and treat the most challenging medical conditions Major Challenges: Controlling Costs and Reducing Errors • Health Care Costs: major categories are hospitals, physician and related o clinical services, prescription drugs, and nursing home care Medical Errors: 1999- 100,000 American deaths in hospitals as result of o medical errors, 2013 - 400,000 deaths, putting preventable medical errors as the number three killer in the US third only to heart disease and cancer NEED TO KNOW • o US health care system is a complex, market-based network of individuals and organizations. Medical care is provided at three levels. Controlling health care costs and reducing medical errors are major challenges. In the American system both health insurance and vigilance are fundamental to receiving quality health care. 2. Western Medicine • The predominant for of health care in the US • Western Medicine - also known as conventional medicine or biomedicine, is the science based medicine to which most of us are accustomed • Physicians: M.D's and D.O's o 2 types of physicians: the M.D. (doctor of medicine) and the D.O. (doctor of osteopathic medicine) o Nearly all physicians trained and licensed in the US have three or more years of residency training following graduation from medical sch ool o Primary Care Physicians - family or personal doctors, the front -line doctor who spends most of his or her time diagnosing and treating common and routine illnesses and diseases. Most specialize in family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, or obst etrics/gynecology Dentists- doctor of dental surgery (D.D.S.) or dental medicine (D.M.D.) • whose practice included problems with teeth and gums and other aspects of oral health Podiatrists- a doctor who holds a doctor of podiatric medicine (D.P.M.) • degree and whose practice focuses on medical problems of the foot and lower leg • Optometrist- holds an O.D degree and is primarily trained to evaluate refractive errors and prescribe corrective glasses or contacts • Clinical Psychologists- holds and Ph.D or Psy.D in clinical psychology and provides psycho-socio-behavioral therapies to help people adjust to or overcome emotional problems or mental illnesses • Allied Health Care Professionals o Registered Nurse (R.N.)- a graduate of a nursing school (diploma, associate degree, or undergraduate degree) who has passed the licensing exam for the R.N credential o Physician Assistant (P.A.)- a health care professional trained to provide routine primary care to patients under the su pervision of a physician o Physical Therapist (P.T.)- a health care professional who holds a degree in physical therapy and generally works in rehabilitation medicine helping patients restore musculoskeletal function o Registered Dietitian Nutritionist (R.D.N)- a food and nutrition expert who holds a degree in dietetics and has passes the national R.D.N exam 3. Complementary Medicine • Complementary Medicine - a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are non -mainstream but are used together with western or conventional medicine • 1998- National Institutes of Health created the National Center for complementary and integrative health in response to the growing interest in non-mainstream medicine and the need for an object ive resource for information and guidance on these diverse practices • Natural Products • Mind & Body Practices o Meditation is one of the oldest and most widely practiced mind-body therapies o Acupuncture- a complementary medicine procedure used in or adapted from traditional Chinese medicine in which specific body areas are pierced with fine needles to treat a variety of illnesses o Chiropractor (D.C.)- typically works with people whose health problems are associated with the muscular and skeletal systems, espe cially in the spine. Chiropractic adjustment is a common treatment to relieve neck and back pain o Therapeutic Massage ( massage therapy )- purpose: body's soft tissues will function optimally when the circulatory and lymphatic systems are unimpeded Other Complementary Practices • o Homeopathy- based on the law of similars, refers to the observation that medicines can produce in healthy people the same symptoms they cure in sick people Due Diligence- if considering using non-mainstream medical treatment , its • very important to know how to get credible info Integrative Medicine • o Integrative Medicine- seeks to restore and maintain health by first understanding the patients unique condition and circumstances, and then coordinating the most appropriate treatm ents from both complementary approaches and mainstream health care


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.