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Chapter 1 notes

by: Brittany Banker

Chapter 1 notes CRJ 280 01

Brittany Banker


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These notes cover part of chapter one, and this also covers a little about the items that we had gone over in class for the first week.
Special topics in Criminal Justice Research Meathods
Dr. Karnin Miofsky
Class Notes
Research Methodologies
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittany Banker on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRJ 280 01 at Lakeland College taught by Dr. Karnin Miofsky in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Special topics in Criminal Justice Research Meathods in Criminal Justice at Lakeland College.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
Brittany Banker Chapter 1 Notes When questions concern not just one person but many different people or  general social processes the number of possible answers multiply.  This would be due  to the many different perspectives that can answer certain questions in a different way. There are many different errors in reasoning that can happen when it comes to  research.   One of those would be overgeneralization, and this would be when people take  something that is true in some cases and then apply it to all cases.   Another would be selective observation, and this would be paying attention or  only looking at specific things that would be in line with what you believe or what would  help your argument, and completely ignoring the other sides of the arguments that could help you. The third would be illogical reasoning.  This means that a person is jumping to  different conclusions without knowing everything that has happened.  This and they  would argue on this basis. The last would be that people have a resistance to change.  This is that we don’t  want to change our ideas even with new knowledge that has come to light.  This has  ego­based commitments, excessive devotion to commitment, and uncritical agreement  with authority.   Research uses the scientific method in a way.  Social science research methods  can lessen the chance that overgeneralization would happen by having different  systematic procedures that would choose specific groups or people that would be used  in their studies that represent the groups we are trying to generalize with the study we  are doing.   We can reduce selective or inaccurate observation by requiring a  systematic measure to be used.   In order to avoid illogical reasoning we need to use specific criteria for  pointing out if the criteria are met. Scientific methods also lessen the chance to develop a resistance to  change stance in the research because it helps are person go through a specific  method when they are doing their research. Social science is using different meathods to understand or investigate  different things about society, and groups, and individuals.   Types of research One thing when asking specific questions you have to make sure it is not to  broad of a subject.  This would be questions like does probation work?  This is to broad  because it doesn’t say does probation work in what instances.   Descriptive research does not want to explain something it is just trying to figure  the who, what, when, and where something happened.  Exploratory Research is when someone is exploring something new that they  don’t understand or is something that has just come out in society.  This would be like  researching this new way that different people are putting specific alcohol on their  eyeballs to get drunk faster, or feel the effects in a different way.   Explanatory research would be examine the cause and effect relationship  between two variables.  When it comes to criminal justice there are many things that  come up in the media or come up in different areas that could have a cause and effect  relationship.  An example would be Does using drugs cause high school students to  drop out?   Evaluation is exploring if a specific program works.  This would be looking at if  probation, or boot camps, or D.A.R.E work on reducing crime. Types of research methods These would be experiments­ Using a research design and going out into society and using that to see how different people react, or just watching and observing how  people act without the knowledge that they are being watched. Another would be secondary data analysis which is looking at data that already  exists.  A third would be a content analysis which is looking at media and other  representations of the specific topic that you are researching. Finally there is crime mapping which is looking at crimes in a specific geographic  area.


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