Week 4 Notes
Popular in Principles of Sociology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Sociology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at Ball State University taught by Fang Gong (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at Ball State University.
Reviews for Week 4 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/15/16
Sociology 100: 001 Professor Gong September 12-16, 2016 Methods. Research Methods. Approaches that social scientists use for investigating the answer to questions. o Quantitative methods- seek to obtain information in numeric form. o Qualitative methods- attempt to collect information that cannot be converted to numeric form. Approaches to Research. A deductive approach to research: o Starts with a theory. o Develops a hypothesis. o Makes an empirical observation. o Analyze the data. An inductive approach to research: o Starts with an empirical observation. o Then works to form a hypothesis. Inductive Deductiv Analysis e Empirical Observation Theory Hypothesis Hypothesis- a proposed relationship between two variables. Variables. Independent variable- the cause. Dependent variable- the effect/ outcome. IV DV Data Collection. Participant observation. o A qualitative method that seeks to observe social actions in practice. Sociology 100: 001 Professor Gong September 12-16, 2016 Interviews. o A qualitative data gathering technique through asking questions. Individual interviews. Group interviews: focus groups. Survey research. o An ordered series of questions intended to elicit information from respondents. o Types of Surveys. Mail. Telephone. Online. Face-to-face. Advantages: o Addresses several questions at the same time. o Representative. Disadvantages: o Expensive. o Response rate. Experimentation. o Seeks to alter the social world in a very specific way. o Often involves comparisons to a central group that did not experience such an intervention. Advantages: Isolating cause to show causality. Disadvantages: Ethical issues. Artificial settings. Historical methods. o Collect data from written reports, magazines, etc. that date back to the period under study. Comparative research. o Two or more entities compared to learn about the dimension that differs. Content analysis. o A systematic analysis of the content rather than the structure of a communication. o A subtype of historical methods. Ethical issues: Researchers must respect their subject’s rights to: Physical, emotional, and psychological safety. Privacy. Confidentiality. Informed consent. Sociology 100: 001 Professor Gong September 12-16, 2016 Population- entire group of individuals, objects, or items from which samples may be drawn. Sample. Subject of the population. o Representative sample. Everyone in the population has an equal chance of being selected. o Convenience sample.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'