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WGS Week 3- Hernandez Reading Commentary

by: Grace Johnston

WGS Week 3- Hernandez Reading Commentary WGS 325

Marketplace > Miami University > Women's Gender Studies > WGS 325 > WGS Week 3 Hernandez Reading Commentary
Grace Johnston
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About this Document

Commentary of Hernandez's feminist movement. Some of the quotes come directly from her article.
Introduction to Women's Gender Studies
Dr. Maria Moreno
Class Notes
WGS, Feminism




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Johnston on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to WGS 325 at Miami University taught by Dr. Maria Moreno in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Women's Gender Studies in Women's Gender Studies at Miami University.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
Commentary WGS 325 9.14.16 BETWEEN HOPE AND ADVERSITY: The struggle of Organized Women in Chiapas Since the Zapatista Uprising Demands: The right to freely choose ones partner, to hold public office, and to make decisions about one’s own sexuality Sexual violence has become a weapon of political repression used official security, government groups- known as white guards Violence has begun to question official state nationalism and the ethnic essentialism of some sectors of the indigenous movement. Work Produced by Feminist Anthropologists in the Mesoamerican Area: • Develop ethnographic wiring marked by a gender perspective • Some works assumed the universal oppression of women • Was displaced in the 80’s by a focus on modernization and development of genre relations of indigenous people Argued that the introduction of capitalist relations in indigenous communities • has changed the pattern in gender relations • Indigenous women lost autonomy, depended on husband’s salary, suffered in a marginalized insertion into the capitalist market • Capitalism is the reason for change in gender patterns and the role of women in the economy • Most works do not even address the new strategies that women in Mesoamercia are using to confront capitalist development • Challenges customs and traditions • Most likely caused by the fact that indigenous women have not been considered for political actors • This article really highlights women’s roles as political and social actors and not just silent victims in the capitalist movement Commentary WGS 325 9.14.16 • Indigenous Women in the Political Setting • Shift prevailing understandings of gender roles • Collectively resist the patriarchy and their powers • Creates tension between structure and agency • There are both optimistic and pessimistic versions of the women’s struggle in Chiapas • Feminism can be seen as something that divides people • Women’s issues were not marginalized • Author’s friend was kidnaped and raped by suspected men of the judicial police • Treated terribly by the hospital and police • Was raped because of participation in the political struggle • Women’s Bodies • Drawn into political activity for the myth of homogenous Mesito, considers them as the reason for the change in gender patterns and using war rape to demobilize people. Trying to Walk Together • After the Berlin wall came down, Zapatismo brought a new hope • Women began to organize forums to discuss how to resist the Chiapas • “Revolutionary Women’s Law” • Clinics and information have reached all women in the land and have raised question of why women have been excluded for so long. • The National Democratic Convention • August 1994- Objective was to from broad based civil movements to achieve democratization • Called a meeting before the CND to write a document specific to women Commentary WGS 325 9.14.16 • All walks of life came together, brought their own vision and struggle of what it means to be a woman • Some groups were only in it for the land, others wanted land for the women and their daughters • Sierra Women- Brought their concerns with agriculture • Mestiza Women- Domestic violence State and local customs were criticized • The people wanted to participate in their government, demanded • recognition • The Meetings • Three regular meetings and one special meeting • Supported government resistance in other places • Caused theANIPAto include the autonomy for women • Ultimate goal was to grow both economically and stopping violence Voices of Women From the Indigenous Movement • Women are demanding for new rights • Mostly directed towards their families and organizations • Were heard in the national political debate • Participated in marches • Insert themselves as both Mexican and Indigenous • Propose “imagined communities” to which they belong • Demand they should not be treated differently or violated for being indigenous • Autonomy Commentary WGS 325 9.14.16 • “We are working for their future so they can have a better future and so our country can have women who know how to fight and defend our rights…” • Always a card played in the conventions • Women in the National Congress were provocative to destabilize the masculine structure • Wanted to provoke critical reflection to get the indigenous movements talked about • Didn’t always work- some had to pay the price. Between Family Repression and Governmental Repression • Rosa Gomez and Julieta Flores • Stories were denounced and reduced to small local newspapers(if that) • Rosa • Her husband started to abuse her in the domestic setting because he did not trust her • She was killed by her husband when she returned from her trip which caused many other women to drop from the struggle • Julieta • Was detained and were taken to a military base where she was tortured and raped many times • Ordered to watch the torture that led to the death of her organization leader. Charges were never filed and the military denies any type of information • that involves her. • The Revolutionary Women’s Law • Turned the Zap uprising a feminist rebellion


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