Colonial Conflicts - HIST 1311 9/9/14
Colonial Conflicts - HIST 1311 9/9/14 HIST 1311
Popular in U.S. History to 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Chase on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Able in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see U.S. History to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
Abby Chase Colonial Conflicts 1650-1754 9/9/16 These noteswillcover: Colonial Conflicts o IndianRelations Iroquois Confederacy o European Power Politics Balanceof Power Spain,France, EnglandCompete o The Fur Trade OhioValley French Fur Trading o Westward Expansion Border Disputes inthe OldNorthwest o European Wars Louis XIV’s Wars War of AustrianSuccession BritishColonies Allrunseparately(13colonies) Lessthat Britainhas to dowiththe coloniesthelesstheyhavetospend,thereforenotrunby theBritishgovernment,simplycolonizedbyBritain Coloniesbecameexcellentpiecestonegotiatewith th th Late 17 early18 century-problemsbegintoactuallyfacethecolonists Indian Relations IroquoisConfederacy - Bringsmost Indiansundertheircontrol - IndiansfirstformofGovernment No realboundariesduebecauseyouhavetosignatreatyto haveboundaries,andthereare manyparts of thenewworldwhichnoonelives NewFrance-strongerstate,NewEngland-weakerstate - Indianswantto supporttheweakerstatesothat theyso notget defeatedaswell OhioValley–runsthrough theNorthernEasternpart oftheUS - Thisis whereallofour3 powersmeet(Indians,French,Virginia?) - Gatewayto an incrediblyvaluableresource-fur FurTrade - FrenchbecomeheavilyinvolvedbecauseFrenchbecomesafashionicon - Frenchcontrolsthefurtrade – createshugeprofitoutof therealworld - PaidtheIndianstobring themfur - Britisharetryingto get involved,Frencharetryingtokeepthemout European conflicts Most issuesgoingonduringthistimearebetweentheFrenchandSpanish Europeistryingto keeptheFrenchfromunitingbecausethentheywillbecometoopowerful (morethanSpain) England’smainrivalistheDutch republic BritishovercometheDutchin1730’s Charles II1630-1685 Englandusedto berun by aGeneral –Cromwell CharlesIIfledtoFrance whileLouisXIV1638-1715 wasin leadership LearnsalongsideLouishowtocreateapowerfulcountry Whenhegoesback to rulein England,hecopiesLouis’stactics Wars of Louis XIV -Trying to drive France into being THE world power For the most part, these wars areEngland and France againstSpain War ofDevolution1667-1668 Dutch War1672-1678 (KingPhilip’sWar) War oftheLeagueof Augsburg1689-1698 (KingWilliam’sWar) War ofSpanishSuccession1701-1714 (QueenAnne’sWar) Louis XIV Duringwars, Louisdevelopedanemesis-WilliamIIIofOrange1650-1702 (DutchRepublic) Williamwouldfloodthearmyandtheywouldgetsick and not beableto fight James II 1633-1707 SucceededCharlesII Removedaskingin1688 Forceshisdaughter(Mary) to marryWilliamIIIofOrange - NemesisofFranceisnowalsotheKingofEngland - CausesEnglandto switchsides - CausescoloniststogetinvolvedbecausetheEnglishandFrenchareboth livinginthe NewWorld Spain PreviousKingofSpain’sdaughtermarriedLouis - Means that Louiswasnextinlineforthethrone - Louisappointshisgrandsontobe thekingofSpainbecauseLouiswasn’tgoingtoclaim thethrone Spaingaveup Italyand part ofNorway As England grows more powerful- they will fightmore with France, this involves the colonists War of Austrian Succession1740-1748 Franceand Englandare at war FrancealliedwithPrussiaagainstEnglandandAustria Firstwarthat thecolonistswillfightforthemselves(alsofirstwartheywillfightatall) - Massachusettsvolunteeredtofightinthewar Siegeof Louisburg 1745 Controlsentrancetotheriverat the entranceofFrance Allofthecolonistsarehunters o Needpeopletotransportfoodandwater o Needshoes,armor,alreadyhaveweapons o Needammunitionandreplacementclothing Massachusettsislearninghowtoraiseand fundan army o SendtheexpeditionofftofightLouisburg Englishlostthewar-Massachusettswasableto takeoverLouisburg Theonlythingthat Englandlostwas that theyhadto give Louisburgbackto theFrench Colonygainedalotbecausetheywereabletobeatasuperpowerarmy at thetime
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