ANTH 240 Anth 240
Minnesota State University, Mankato
Popular in Language and Culture
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Anthropology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hallie Notetaker on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 240 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Dr. Chelsea Mead in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Language and Culture in Anthropology at Minnesota State University - Mankato.
Reviews for ANTH 240
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/15/16
What do you mean “Indigenous” Languages? Questions to Answer What does Indigenous mean? What are “Indigenous Languages”? How does a language become Indigenous and what role do groups of other language speakers play in that process? What single stories do you bring to the table that you need to work on? Danger of Single Stories What is a single story? o One idea about a different culture that shapes your entire story of them How do they stay alive? o People in power stay in power and keep telling these stories; media; only see the bad How does it connect to you and the indigenous language research? What does “Indigenous” Mean? First Peoples o Particular group in a geographical space with earliest known connections to that land Other definitions o Shared experiences of marginalization, negative impact of resource extraction, cultural homogenization, economic modernization Legally Definition A list of requirements, measurements, qualifiers o Descent from original inhabitants prior to a group of settlers who have since become the dominant population o Distinct from the dominant population o Political marginality causing poverty, limited access to services Strategically Defined Open door policy Selfidentified Collectively Defined Not explicitly articulated Unique identity separate from states Solidarity in similar ways of life and histories of colonial/state domination Complexities of “Indigeneity” Not a particularized identity for those who claim it Who decides who is Indigenous? What about peoples who don’t neatly fit the definition? Indigeneity in Asia All citizens are of the soil, no first occupancy Possible corruption or impractical amount of claims National histories of colonial victimization and liberations Historical Issues Primordial image o Migration o Unchanging culture o Restricts people’s agency Victimhood and paternalism W. European Colonization Standard o Indigenous identity doesn’t require continual domination by Europeans Complex and Contested Selective adaptation and Negotiation Survivance = survival as resistance Indigenous Languages Harrison’s definition o “People who have inhabited a particular land since before recorded history and have a strong ecological engagement with that land may be considered indigenous” o Problem with “before recorded history” Who recorded that history and what about oral history, cave paintings, etc.? Other Considerations to Keep in Mind Biological perspective Scientific perspective Linguistic Anthropology vs. Linguistics Languages are alive o Understand from a cultural perspective Indigenous Language Loss Colonialism o Invasion of place by outsiders o Military backed control, occupation, extraction of resources of a place o To control peoples and in proselytizing frenzy, local religion, culture, languages, governments economic systems, health practices, education, etc. are forbidden, suppressed and eradicated o People resist as well o Utilize the children to relay new practices 2001 – 6,912 distinct human languages in the world 2005 o 204 had fewer than 10 speakers o 344 had fewer 1099 speakers 1/10 of world’s languages have fewer than 99 speakers Lose a language every ten days Dictionaries and outsider efforts aren’t enough Impact on speakers o Isolated and invisible o Few opportunities to speak o Hard to be heard o Hard to not forget How Does Loss Happen? Political or social discrimination Genocide Trauma and its impact Print literacy – tool of conquest Indoctrination of children o Expedient tolerance o Colonial schooling Social relationships Slurs Mocking cultural appropriation Shunning Reenactments of conquest Retelling of single stories to solidify the narrative Historical erasure Racist language practices What Do We Lose Human knowledge base o Medicines o Relationships with land and place o Ecological knowledge Cultural heritage o Stories, histories, arts Human cognition o Diversity of languages and human capabilities o Word order in a language SVO or OVS
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'