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Juvenile Delinquncy Notes

by: Pamela Crockett

Juvenile Delinquncy Notes Soc 253

Marketplace > University of North Dakota > Soc 253 > Juvenile Delinquncy Notes
Pamela Crockett
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About this Document

These notes cover material discussed in weeks 1-3 of class!
Juvenile Delinquency
Ashley Leschyshyn
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Pamela Crockett on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 253 at University of North Dakota taught by Ashley Leschyshyn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
Childhood and Delinquency  Socially constructed  Children not always valued in society  Abandonment – children with disabilities or born out of wedlock  Attachment – the more children a family has, the more secure  Parens Patriae: state steps in when parents are unfit (legal document) o Modern basis for juvenile court Industrial Revolution Dramatic societal movement Urbanization Immigration Link between poverty to juvenile delinquency The Child Savers White women from upper class cleaning up the streets because they didn’t have to work.  Established first juvenile court in 1899 (Cook County, IL) Special Case of the Juvenile Definition dependent on historical period Rehabilitative model Lack responsibility Immaturity – “saved” Juvenile Courts Cases involving children (dependent/neglected)  Delinquents: status offending  “Victims of circumstances” – parents not sending kids to school Who is considered a juvenile? Have not reached ages 18 to 21, depending on state law; also known as a child. 41 states consider 17 years old as adults JD – behavior violating criminal code Status offender: can only be committed by minors (underage drinking) Truancy (37%) Liquor Law Violations (23%) Why do juveniles engage in behavior? Age/Gender/Victimization Courts Intervene…  “special needs”  “slippery slope”  Typical teenage behavior Failure to intervene leads to victimization and injury! Argument: resources should be used for violent offenders/laws are discriminating Delaware and Maine have decriminalized status offenses 1980 – 1990: Juvenile crime (peaked in 1994) Decline since 2006 (all – time low in 2014) Routine Activities Opportunities for delinquency  Shifts in daily “routines” since WWII  Unattended homes (most likely to be burglarized during the day)  Consumption of consumer goods Related to > in predatory crimes (part I/index crime) Routine Activities Theory: Rational decision-making offender Factors – probability for crime & victimization {Motivated Offender} – teenage boys/unemployed/drug addict {Suitable Target} – unlocked homes/expensive cars/cell phone/iPod/laptop {Lack of Guardianship} – police officers/homeowners/security systems/neighbors/parents The Positivist School  Scientific Method  Behavior beyond individual’s control – determinism  Focus on causes Early Biological Approaches  Phrenology – the study of categories of the brain and their relation to criminal offending  Physiognomy – the study of facial features (Cesare Lombroso:1835 – 1909) o Criminals physically distinct from non-criminals o Differences due to atavism: biological throwback (evolutionary/primitive) o Criminal stigmata – discrediting markings of criminals (larger nose/wider eyes)


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