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by: meghan Hamilton

Development EDP 201-Educational Psychology

meghan Hamilton
GPA 3.5
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About this Document

covers different types of development
EDP 201-Educational Psychology
Darrel Davis
Class Notes




Popular in EDP 201-Educational Psychology

Popular in Education and Teacher Studies

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by meghan Hamilton on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDP 201-Educational Psychology at Miami University taught by Darrel Davis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see EDP 201-Educational Psychology in Education and Teacher Studies at Miami University.

Similar to EDP 201-Educational Psychology at MU

Popular in Education and Teacher Studies


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Date Created: 09/15/16
Development Foundation ● Development: long­term personal change that have multiple sources and  multiple effects ○ Difference between learning and development is the degree  at which it occurs ● Knowledge about long­term changes helps teachers better plan their  activities and creating the appropriate expectations for students ● Development trends may be general: some theories may assume that  certain things happen to everyone before a certain age ○ Ex: every toddler acquires a spoken language ● Trends vary in sequence and hierarchy: some changes are to happen in a  specific order and build on each other ● Teachers must be cautious of oversimplifying or overgeneralizing Student Development ● Physical development(NOT JUST IMPORTANT FOR PHYSICAL  EDUCATION TEACHERS) ○ At one point girls are taller but equal weight to the boys ○ Then boys begin to grow taller and much heavier than girls ○ Average height and weight is sometimes affected by racial  and ethnic backgrounds ● Universal development in students is puberty ○ Set of changes in early adolescence that brings about sexual maturity ○ Puberty accents gender role differences Development of Motor Skills ● Motor skills begin developing in kindergarten ● It is important for teachers of these younger students notice whether or not the child is sticking to the timetables of development ● And if they aren’t special education needs to be arranged for the student ● Students who are clumsy may get made fun of by peers ultimately  affecting them negatively the rest of their lives ● Development of motor skills is key in the students resulting self esteem  and self consciousness  Health and Illness ● Students from well off families tend to be very healthy ● Younger children get sicker more often than older ones ● Simple illness typically are the cause of most missed school days ○ Students from lower income areas tend to be more prone to  illness ○ Healthcare in these areas is sometimes scarce or  unaffordable ● As students become older illness becomes less common but health risks  still emerge ○ 75% of teens reported drinking ○ 22% reported smoking ○ Teenagers have began to show increase use and abuse of  prescription drugs Language Development ● Culture: is a system of attitudes, beliefs and behaviors that constitute a  distinctive way of life for a group of people ● Ethnicity: common language and history Bilingualism ● Majority of children around the world are bilingual ● 2 degrees of bilingualism ○ Fluent in both languages ○ Speak a little of each language ● Students who speak both languages fluently have a cognitive advantage ○ They can express concepts and ideas in many different  ways ● Unbalanced bilingualism: still learning English, or have lost some of their  old language ● ELL or LEL: these students tend to present issues for teachers ○ Bilingualism works best with additive approaches ■ This means both languages are supported and  developed Language Loss ● Students may learn English, but also their ability to speak their native  language ○ Children feel a lot of pressure to learn English ○ By the time many of these children become adults they  speak and write English better than their native language ● Language loss limits the student’s ability to learn English ● Having a large vocabulary in the first language makes it easier for the  student to learn vocabulary in a second language ● With two languages to work with parents can stay in the loop more easily ● In their young years students are encouraged to use both languages. In  high school students can take foreign language classes to keep up with their  native language Cultural Differences in Language Use ● In some cultures it is considered intelligent to not speak unless you have  something truly meaningful to say ● Eye contact varies in different places: in African American and Latin  American communities it is more respectful for a child to not look someone in the  eye ● Social distance also varies by cultures: in some cultures it is more polite to stand close when having a conversation, in other places it is better to stand  further away ● Wait time: the time you wait between the end of a question and the  speech of another person ○ In many cultures you wait 3­4 seconds


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