Popular in Introduction to Criminal Justice
Popular in Department
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Pamela Crockett on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 201 at University of North Dakota taught by Wendelin Hume in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.
Reviews for Criminal Justice
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/15/16
How Crime/Victimization is Measured Survey Data CJ Data Sets: Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)/Self Report Data (SR)/National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) UCR: Began by International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) 1930 Best known source of official crime stats Compiled annually by the FBI Two parts: Part I and Part II – crime rate only from Part I # of reported crimes/ total US pop. x 100,000 = rate per 100,000 Part I – homicide/rape/robbery/burglary/larceny (serious theft)/MV theft/arson Part II – all other crimes except traffic Two Major UCR Index Crime Groups VIOLENT CRIME: Murder and non-negligent manslaughter WE Forcible rape Robbery PROPERTY CRIME: Burglary Larceny/theft MV theft Arson Crime rates fluctuate because… # of “crime-prone” age 18 – 25 Get tough policies Unemployment Relative deprivation Reporting tends (911, etc.) Changes in definitions Crime Patterns Rates Higher… West and South Summer Males Younger Poor Criticisms of UCR: Many crimes not reported Definitions differ (state/state; state/Fed) – one state may code data differently than another state Different enforcement policies Accuracy and completeness varies Few details (age, sex, race of offender) Some agencies not submit Self-Report Data Report own criminal behavior Guarantee anonymity Shows “dark figure” of crime Shows through whole social structure Allow differentiate b/t offenders/non Criticisms of Self Report No national data set Lack of uniformity in questions and samples Accuracy and completeness may vary Honesty of respondents in question NCVS No national data set Conducted by Bureau of Census and Bur. Of Justice Statistics Ask about household and personal victimization Details provided Reveals “dark figure” of crime – crime not reported Reasons for Not Reporting No need to call Police could/would not do anything Other – not wanting to include law enforcement/personal or criminal reasons Crime Patterns: Characteristics of Victimization Men: higher victim #s than women Minorities Poor Evening hours: most popular time to victimize Open areas Criticisms of NCVS: Some underreporting/over reporting Memory of respondents in question: may not remember details Victimless crime: willing participant (prostitution) Theory = the abstract study of CJ Theory guides research and policy Need more than one theory Classical Theory (Beccaria and Bentham) 1) People choose b/t law abiding/breaking behaviors Rationally weigh cost/benefit Legal punishments and primary costs (severity, certainty, (celerityquick)) Philosopy: Specific Det. :Individufal offender Gender Det.: General public Routine Activities Theory: Together in time and space 1. Motivated offender 3. Absence of guardians
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'