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Social Psychology Week 4 Lecture 8

by: Sydney Lazzell

Social Psychology Week 4 Lecture 8 PSYC 2606

Marketplace > University of Colorado at Boulder > PSYC 2606 > Social Psychology Week 4 Lecture 8
Sydney Lazzell


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Lecture Notes
Social Psychology
Irene Blair
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Lazzell on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2606 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Irene Blair in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
PSYC 2606: Social Psychology Week 4 Lecture 8 Clicker Question 1: Considering FAE, what did the researchers find? à Participants rated the altruism-mimic more altruistic Why FAE? o Perceptual Salience o People make attributions to causes that are most obvious (salient) o In explaining a person’s behavior, we are typically focused on the person rather than the surrounding context o (i.e. why did Sam do that vs. why did the situation cause Sam to do that) o Personal attributions are automatic; situational attributions take more time o Behavior à identification of behavior à automatic characterization of person à effortful adjustment of context à causal inference o Just world hypothesis o The belief that people get what they deserve in life & deserve what they get o FAE may be reassuring because we feel less vulnerable to external factors influencing our life outcomes § If we are good people then bad things wont happen to us Evaluating Videotaped Confessions o Judges & police officers w/experience in interrogations viewed a mock confession o IV: camera focused on suspect, detective or equally on both o DV: if judges/officers thought the confession was more voluntary or more coerced o More voluntary = camera on suspect o More coerced = camera on detective Factors That Reduce FAE o Self-enhancing attributions o Bad outcomes are not my fault; good outcomes are all me o Actor-observer differences o The actor tends to explain their own behavior as due to the situation (external view of the world) o The observer tends to explain the actors behavior as due to personal qualities of the actor o Cultural differences o FAE is less prevalent in collectivistic cultures § Individualists are more likely to attribute behaviors to dispositions § Collectivists are more likely to attribute behaviors to situations o Debiasing efforts Situational Priming of Cultural Affects FAE o For people who are connected to both independent & interdependent cultures, attribution styles may change depending on the cultural context Conclusions on Causal Attributions o Influence emotion, judgment, & behavior o We are often biased in our attributions – we underestimate the power of the situation and focus on personal attributes (FAE) o Individualistic cultures o Attributions about others o Positive outcomes for the self o Focus on the individual o Non-obvious situational influences o FAE can be overcome if we are aware of this bias, we are motivated to be accurate, we have corrective strategies, & we take the time to consider info more carefully o Ask about the alternative; look for causes that may be hidden or just not obvious o Look for disconfirming info o Consider ones own self motivated bias o Consider the other persons perspective


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