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What is Philosophy? Lecture Notes

by: Cassidy Paige

What is Philosophy? Lecture Notes PH 100

Marketplace > Chaminade University of Honolulu > Arts and Humanities > PH 100 > What is Philosophy Lecture Notes
Cassidy Paige

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About this Document

These are the lecture notes for week one of philosophy 100 with Dr. Steiger. In these two lecture days he talked about background information for philosophy, and for Plato.
Introduction to Philosophy
Dr. Peter Steiger
Class Notes
philosophy lecture notes, Plato, Introduction, background




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassidy Paige on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PH 100 at Chaminade University of Honolulu taught by Dr. Peter Steiger in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in Arts and Humanities at Chaminade University of Honolulu.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
Color Code Key “Quotes”/ Phrases from Steiger Important Words Important Topics/ Ideas Book/ Material Quotes Side Notes (that might be important ?) Philosophy 100 FALL SEMESTER 2016 INSTRUCTOR: DR. Peter Steiger 23 - 25 August 2016 What is Philosophy? I. What is philosophy all about? ○ About the word wonder ○ Important to grow as a person ○ Philosophy trains you on how to be humane ○ “Philosophy pushed you to think about more than the mundane.” ○ Philosophy can be translated to mean: ■ Desire for wisdom ■ Love of learning ■ Quest for knowledge ■ Training to be humane II. Philosophy and Religion ○ Perennial Questions: questions that are enduring or continually recurring ■ Annual only occurs once, perennial keeps coming back ○ Philosophy uses reason (human reason and logical argumentation that people with reason can judge) ○ Religion uses faith and “higher” documents (uses religious authorities to answer question instead of using own words and reasons) III. Sub-disciplines or branches within philosophy ○ Epistemology: what is knowledge? How do we come to know? What is thought? ○ Metaphysics: what is reality ultimately? Why is there something, not nothing? ○ Logic: study of the process of valid reasoning, thought or argumentation. 1 ○ Ethics: proper balance of relationship among humans? Justice? Law? Custom? ○ Aesthetics: what is beauty, art, or good taste? Who has proper sensitivity? ○ Ontology (mind/body): what is bing? Being as compared to becoming? Static v. change? IV. Personal Characteristics Necessary ○ Patience ○ Courage ○ Humility ○ Persistence V. Do you think more about… ○ Your body? ■ Food, drink, clothing, shelter, sex ○ Your soul? ■ Love, Truth, Justice, Peace, Courage, Friendship, Freedom, Humility, Happiness ○ “The beginning of wisdom is knowing that you don’t know.” VI. Major eras and figures in Western Philosophy ○ Classical: ■ Ancient: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Zeno, Philo, Plotinus ■ Medieval: St. Augustine, St. Anselm, St. Thomas Aquinas ○ Modern: ■ Modern: Descartes, Locke, Hume, MIll, Berkeley, Kant ■ Post-Modern: Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre, Wittegenstein VII. Background: ○ Presocratic Philosopher (any philosophy before Socrates’ time) ○ There are no writings of Socrates’ (that survived at least), but he was a real person. However in Plato’s dialogues Socrates is a character, thus it is assumed what he says is actually Plato’s words and ideas ○ Unlike the presocratic philosophers, Socrates focused on Ethics and asked questions ■ Called the Socratic method of questioning or Elenctic method ■ Used this the most when a person says they know what they are talking about (making them realize that they don’t know anything) VIII. Dialogues of Plato 2 ○ Early Period: close to historical Socrates ■ The Socrates in these dialogues claims to be ignorant of everything and rarely presents his own position ○ Middle Period: transition between historical Socrates and Plato’s own ideas ■ Begins with the Phaedo due to Socrates’ death, thus any dialogues spoken by Socrates after this are considered to be Plato’s own words. ○ Late Period: Plato’s own ideas IX. No resolution at the end of dialogues ○ Readers will continue the dialogue after it ends X. Sophists v. Philosopher ○ Both had Paedia (education) ○ Sophist is a paid teacher or rhetoric that claims to have wisdom ■ Does things for the body i.e. money, human pleasures, etc. ○ Philosopher seeks wisdom because they don’t posses it ■ Does things to benefit Soul 3


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