Sociology Week 1
Sociology Week 1 SOCI 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joy Bullington on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 1101 at Georgia Southern University taught by Professor Nathan Palmer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
Sociology Sociology makes society visible Sociology is the study of how society influences individuals and how individuals create society through interaction. The Sociology Six 1. How is this a social phenomenon? 2. How do you know? 3. How is this affected by culture? 4. How is this affected by how society is structured? 5. How does this affect people’s lives? 6. How could we change this? How is the rise in college enrollment a social phenomenon? People want higher paying jobs and a higher education boosts self-esteem Social Location and Worldview Your social location is made up by your social demographics; race, class, physical ability, gender, citizenship, sexual orientation. Your social location is also how your demographics relate to everyone else in your community and around the world. It also affects how you see yourself and how you expect others to treat you, and how others treat you, what they will expect from you, and how they will interpret your actions. Worldview is the perspective you have on the world around you Our individual worldview is shaped by our social, cultural, and personal experiences all of which are profoundly influenced by our social location. Each of us has a worldview and it reflects the biases and assumptions we hold about the world around us. If the experiences that we have inform what we think is going on in the world, then our worldview is changed. So, if something happened that was never made aware to us, it basically never happened and was completely left out of our worldview. Our social location affects our worldviews. Everyone is biased because we are all stuck behind one camera that is each of our own worldview. “All you see is all there is” Each of us only has a piece of a picture There isn’t one reality, but many. And we socially negotiate what becomes “reality.” Biases Your worldview has biases. It gives you an inaccurate perception of the world around you. We are all biased to accept uncritically anything that confirms our worldview and to be overly critical of anything that challenges or disproves our worldview. Simply put, we are biased to favor information that confirms what we already believed. Fundamental Attribution Error When trying to make sense of another person’s behavior, we often mistakenly attribute the cause of their behavior to who they are as a person when, in fact, their behavior was caused by the situation they are in. As the saying goes, “I do things for reasons, other people do things because of who they are as a person.” The error we make when we assign other people’s behavior to who they are fundamentally as a person. How is this a social phenomenon? What is a Phenomenon? Any observed action, event or situation A phenomenon is not a thing, but rather, something that happens within things. Social Phenomenon Any observed action, event or situation that is created by society, as opposed to an action, event, or situation that occurs naturally (ex. Chemical reactions, tornados, gravity). Why do individuals and groups behave the way that they do? Individual Factors Biological and personal factors that influence our individual behavior. Supra-individual factors Contextual and environmental factors that influence our individual behavior. These factors that are neither created nor controlled by any single individual. Social Context The circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement, or idea, and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed. The social context you operate within is the source of most supra-individual factors. How Should we Study Society? Society = the aggregate of all the individuals in it. o “The whole is equal to the sum of its parts.” Society is an entity that is distinct and separate from the individual citizens. o “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.”
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