Developmental Psych Chapter 1 Notes
Developmental Psych Chapter 1 Notes psyc2040
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaija Perkins on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psyc2040 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Wissman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 265 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology at The University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
Chapter 1 – History, Theories, Research Strategies Developmental Science = Constancy and Change through a lifespan Conception Death Theory = describes, explains, predicts behavior Basic theories in Development o Continuous or Discontinuous? o One course or many courses? o Relative influence or Nature vs. Nurture? Context of Development = environmental circumstances result in change Nature (Stability) Hereditary information, Received from parents at conception Nurture (Plasticity) open to lifelong change, based on influential experiences Influences: Biological, Psychological, Social Developmental Stages: - Prenatal = Conception Birth - Infancy/Toddlerhood 0-2 years - Early Childhood 2-6 years - Middle Childhood 6-11 years - Adolescence 11-18 years - Early Adulthood 18-40 years - Middle Adulthood 40-65 years - Late Adulthood 65-Death Domains of Development: - Physical - Cognitive - Emotional/Social All three overlap (Age-graded, History-graded, No normative) Resilience = adapt effectively in the face of threats to development o Factors: personal characteristics, parental relationship, social support, community resources Theories: Darwin = Evolution (Natural selection, Nature vs. Nurture) Freud = Psychoanalytic, based on history o Id, Ego, Superego Erikson = Biological vs. Social o Trust vs. Mistrust o Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt o Initiative vs. Guilt o Industry vs. Inferiority o Identity vs. Role Confusion o Intimacy vs. Isolation o Generativity vs. Stagnation o Integrity vs. Despair Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory = Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, Social Learning Theory Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory = Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, Formal Operational Vygotsky’s Sociocultural = *Culture* Values, Beliefs, Customs, Skills Brenner (Ecological Systems Theory) = Microsystem (Child), Mesosystem (Family), Exosystem (Parent Institution), Macrosystem (Culture), Chronosystem (experiences) Research Methods: Systematic Observation – naturalistic vs. structured Self Reports – clinical interview vs. structured interview Case study/Clinical – Full picture of ONE PERSON’S psychological functioning General Research – Correlational vs. Experimental o Longitudinal, cross sectional, sequential
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