Week 3 Notes HSC 4711
Week 3 Notes HSC 4711 HSC 4711
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tara on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSC 4711 at Florida State University taught by Mark Kasper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
9/12/2016 Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) • Individuals (emotions, personality, cognitive, biology) • Behavior (Past and Present) • Environment (Physical, Social, Cultural) -SCT is based on Self-Efficacy • Self-Efficacy: beliefs in his/her capability to successfully complete a course of action o Task Self-Efficacy: belief that he/she can do the behavior in question o Barrier Self-Efficacy: belief that he/she can do the behavior in question—in the face of common barriers (ex. Not enough time, weather, access) Internal Locus Control- belief that one can control their own destiny External Locus Control- belief that one is powerless Cues to Actions- prompts that move a person to take action or “strategies to activate readiness” Trans-theoretical Model of Behavior Change (TTM) • -Intentional behavior changes • -People move through a series of stages when modifying a behavior • -Assesses and provides strategies for individuals to move from a state of no action to a state of action and maintenance • -Action Oriented guidance • 5 Stages of TTM: § Pre-contemplation- clueless ú No intention to take action within next 6 months § Contemplation- thinking (pros and cons), baby steps ú Intend to change within next 6 months § Preparation- getting ready (setting goals, and game planning) ú Intend to take action within 1 month ú Has a plan made § Action- Doing (Self-efficacy and feedback) ú Have made specific observational modifications over the past 6 months § Maintenance- Got it! ú Maintenance of behavior for 6 months-5 years ú Self-Efficacy ú Less tempted to relapse/ more confident Returning to old behaviors: • Lapse- Slip up (ex. Haven’t exercised in 5 days) • Re-Lapse- Back to old habits (ex. Haven’t exercised in 5 months) 9/14/2016 Setting Goals: S.M.A.R.T • Specific o Ex. Saying “exercise more” is not enough; set specific goals • Measureable o What, how much, how will it be measured, by when • Attainable • Realistic Expectations • Time Frame Is prevention better than care? • Prevention is worth doing because it brings better health, but prevention, like treatment, better health comes at a higher price • Best medical care is based on best evidence • Spending more on prevention is not the way to control health care costs Relative Risk: Comparing the risk in two different groups • Ex. Smokers vs. Nonsmokers; condom users vs. non-condom users Interpreting Relative Risks • One is a Reference group o Number greater than one is a higher risk, number less than one is a lower risk
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