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HIST110A - The Old Testament

by: Caru

HIST110A - The Old Testament HIST 110A

Cal State Fullerton

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The Old Testament
World Civilization to 16th Century
M. Walia
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caru on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 110A at California State University - Fullerton taught by M. Walia in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
 J. The Old Testament  1. 39 books(history, prophecy, poetry)  2. Genesis ~ Chapter 12  • begins with a man named Abraham who live in modern day Iraq ~ 1900 B.C.  • God appears to him and tells him to leave his home and family to travel to a new  land(Canaan) → travels with wife (Sarah)  • Abraham(99) and Sarah(90); God tells them that they'll have kids → Sarah laughs  → have son named Isaac(means “laughter” → Isaac has son named Jacob (also  called Israel after wrestling with an angel) → has 12 sons  • Jacob's 12 sons were shepherds  • Famine hits the land of Canaan → family must move to Egypt → Joseph goes to  Egypt before the rest of his family → becomes friendly with the pharaoh because  he can interpret dreams→ moves to Goshen  3. Exodus  ▪ pharaoh wants to get rid of Hebrews → turns them into slaves and makes them do  hard labor to work them to death  • tells midwives to kill every male Hebrew by tossing them into the Nile  ▪ one woman hid her son and put him in a basket on the Nile → a princess of Egypt  discovers him and raises him as Moses  ▪ Moses is raised as a prince; sees a slave being beaten → kills overseer → runs  away to Midian  ▪ God appears to Moses in a burning bush and reveals his holy name(Yahweh) →  tells Moses to go back to Egypt to free the Hebrews  • Moses speaks to the pharaoh → every time the pharaoh says no, God punishes  Egypt  ◦ 10 plagues ~ ex. Locusts eat crops, Nile turns to blood, Egypt covered in  frogs, country turns pitch black at noon, everyone is covered in boils, hail  storm)  ◦ worst plague = pass over → Angel of Death passes over Hebrew  homes(nothing homes); passes over Egyptian homes (first born dies)  • pharaoh finally lets Hebrews leave after they'd been in Egypt for 400 years  • Hebrews head to Red Sea → pharaoh changes his mind and leads soldiers  after them → Moses parts the Red Sea(1250 B.C.) and leads them across →  Egyptians try to follow and are crushed  • Hebrews head to Sinai Peninsula → Moses heads to Mount Sinai where God  gives him the 10 commandments(thou shalt not: steal kill, commit adultery,  bear false witness, covet(desire/jealousy); thou shalt: honor thy father and thy  mother, keep the sabbath holy)  • Moses heads into a covenant(agreement) with God – Hebrews promise to only  worship Yahweh and, in return, he will love and protect them  • Hebrews stayed in the desert for 40 years to travel to promised land(Canaan)  • Moses made God angry and never entered the promised land → died and is  replaced by Joshua, son of Nun  4. Book of Joshua  ▪ Hebrews entered Canaan violently → killed the Canaanites  • according to Book of Judges, they entered peacefully and intermarried  ▪ Hebrews began worshiping local god(Baal = fertility god; husband of Ashtarte)  • reinforces idea that they entered peacefully → wouldn't be worshiping local  god if they had killed the locals  • thought Yahweh was god of the desert and sea and couldn't help them in  Canaan; men liked to worship Baal because he had priestesses(gives her  money and engaged in ritual sex to make the crops grow)  ▪ once Hebrews are in Canaan, it became known as Israel  ▪ about 1150 B.C. ~ Israel is invaded  • invaders build 5 cities on the coast  • around 7 feet tall  • called Philistines  • worship Dagon(giant fish) → some Hebrews begin worshiping Dagon  5. Book of Samuel  ▪ 1025 B.C. ~ Hebrews get a new leader  ▪ priest judge, prophet  ▪ Hebrews want a human king → Samuel chooses first king of Israel(Saul)  ▪ Samuel tells Saul what God wants him to do → Saul disobeys  • also supposed to defeat Philistines → bad general and can't  ▪ Samuel asks God to send him to someone better → Samuel travels to Bethlehem  to find Jesse(had 8 sons) → youngest son(David) was a shepherd → Samuel  became David's friend and mentor  ▪ before battle with Philistines, Goliath(9 feet tall) challenges any Hebrew to fight  him → David has a slingshot while Goliath has a sword and armor → knocks  Goliath unconscious and chops his head off  nd​ ▪ civil war starts between David and Saul → David wins and becomes 2​  king of  Israel ~ 1,000 B.C.  6. Book of David  ▪ makes Israel bigger → defeats Philistines → takes over Jerusalem(becomes his  capital), “City of David” → unifies 12 tribes of Hebrews  ▪ wrote book of religious poetry(Psalms)  ▪ weakness: women → watches Bathsheba bathe and lusts for her → begins a  sexual relationship with her even though shes married to Uriah → David sends  Uriah into heavy battle → Uriah gets killed  ▪ God is angry with David for what he did and sends Nathan to talk to him  ▪ died around 960 B.C.  7. Book of Solomon  ▪ 3​  king of Israel  ▪ builds Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem as a place to honor Yahweh  ▪ wrote Proverbs  • 1 Kings ~ two women come to Solomon and claim to be the mother of a baby  → Solomon says he will chop the baby in half and give each woman half of it  → one woman(the real mom) says to kill her instead of the baby while the  other thinks it's a good idea  ▪ ceases to be a wise man as he gets older → becomes an “old fool”  ▪ begins indulging himself in women → had 700 wives and 300 concubines  • they convince him to worship other gods  ▪ died around 927 B.C.  ▪ 10 tribes become a new nation because they didn't want Solomon's son to rule  • son is left with two tribes – names Judah  ▪ 750 B.C. ~ split nation = week → Assyria bullies Israel and Judah for tribute  ▪ 722 B.C. ~ Israel rebels → gets destroyed; “lost 10 tribes”  ▪ 600 B.C. ~ new powerful civilization in fertile crescent = Neo­Babylon  ▪ Nebuchadnezzar tells Judah what to do → Judah rebels → Nebuchadnezzar takes  over Jerusalem → forgives Hebrews and chooses them a new king(Zedekiah)  ▪ 2 Kings ~ 588 B.C. Zedekiah rebels → Nebuchadnezzar and army lay siege to  Judah to starve them → lasts two years → people began eating cats and dogs  ▪ Nebuchadnezzar's army enter city and destroy Tower of Solomon → Zedekiah  runs away and is captured → they pierce his nose with a chain and drag him to  meet Nebuchadnezzar → Zed's sons are chopped to pieces in front of him →  sword is shoved into Zedekiah's eyes to blind him  ▪ Nebuchadnezzar destroys Judah → survivors move to Neo­Babylon → begin  referring to themselves as Jews  8. Jews religion = Judaism  ▪ prophets: Hosea, Amos, Isaiah, Ezekial  ▪ invented monotheism  • continually said by Amos and Isaiah  ▪ first to come up with “personal God” ­ God has feelings: becomes angry if people  worship other gods ~ feels like a husband whose wife cheated on him  ▪ gives best case for doing social justice  • Old Testament tells you to take care of poor people because God will be angry  if you don't  ▪ gives best answer to “Why do bad things happen to good people?”  • answered in Book of Job  9. Book of Job  ▪ Satan tells God that people only love him when things are good  ▪ God says Job is always faithful → Satan decides to test Job  ▪ Satan kills Job's 10 children, blows up his house, and kills his animals  ▪ Job says “The Lord has given, and the Lord has taken” ­ God have him the good  things and has a right to take them away  ▪ Satan covers Job in boils → the boils smell so bad that Job's wife says she wishes  he'd just die  ▪ Job goes to a garbage dump that smells as bad as he does → 3 friends visit him →  instead of consoling him, they tell him that he must have sinned for this to happen  to him  ▪ Job gets angry and asks God why this is happening to him → God appears in the  form of a tornado(whirlwind) and says “How dare YOU question ME” → Job  realizes he should accept that there is a reason God does things  ▪ God gives Job 10 more children and double the number of animals   


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