Personality Psych, week 2
Personality Psych, week 2 374
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Sinner on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 374 at Catholic University of America taught by Parkhurst, J. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychology at Catholic University of America.
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Date Created: 09/15/16
Chapter 2: Assessments series of questions Types of Assessments: 1. Self-report: has two types of data a. Raw score/data= need to be interpreted b. Compare answers to others **but be careful to compare to normal distribution population** 2. Q-sort: cards that have descriptors to describe the person patient picks the cards out **most related to trait theory** 3. Ratings(judgment): other people rating you because you can’t rate yourself accurately rating on a scale, objective observation from someone else i. Example: teachers, parents, spouses 4. Biological Measures: tell us peoples characteristic ways of acting in a state or trait a. Brain waves scans b. Polygraphs c. Hormones 5. Observation: a box that does digital recordings by collecting data over a period of timeobserving, objectively seeing characteristics and results 6. Interview a. Unstructured (psychologist) i. Open ended questions ii. People may not be objective about themselves iii. Gain trust so that patient aren’t ashamed (social desire) b. Structured (psychiatrist) i. Long list of questions **need both structured and unstructured to get the full picture** 7. Expressive behavior: way we express our nonverbal actions tells about personality i. Read emotions someone is having, shows sincerity and credibility 8. Document analysis: subjective a. Keeping a journal b. Medical records i. Brings in outside information 9. Projective test: assessor projects onto the patient traits designed to get people to start talking a. Open ended questions b. Drawing c. Pictures i. Thematic apperception test 10.Demographic: not interpreted, fact a. Region, gender, race, age b. Cultural specific things change how view world Research Design Case study: study someone in great depth and compare to other case studies o help see patterns not prove correlation: is not causation o positive and negative correlation experimental design: manipulative situation to see only what you want to study o have to defeat confounds o quasi- experiment *******ETHICS******* Chapter 3: Psychoanalysis Freud: 1800s, Vienna, medical school Dr. Mesmer: invented a way to help people with stress Memorization & hypnosis!! Freud: mostly dealt with rich, women who had problems with hysteria BUT he thought hysteria could dealt with hypnosis/psychoanalysis (which had no guide) ** his biggest contribution is that he attempted to describe personality and explain how we become who we are*** Unconscious forces- Freud gave people a safe, confidential environment to get to unconscious thoughts Free association- saying nothing so that people can say whatever is important to them without any biases Dreams- wanted people to talk about their dreams because “dreams are the royal road to unconscious” o Manifest- what actually happened o Latent- what did things mean (hidden meaning and symbols) Mind: Conscious-thought Pre-conscious- thoughts you are aware of when directed to think about them Unconscious- unaware thoughts Structure of the Mind Id- present at birth, pleasure factor, innermost need to survive and love , chaos with no structure Ego- reality principle that develops as we grow, mediates Id Superego- continue to develop with life, has moral aspects (picked up from culture), governs ego Psychosexual Stages of Development Libido= sexual drive 1. Oral stage: kid wants to put everything in their mouth [birth to 12 months] *oral fixation if do not move on from this stage 2. Anal stage: potty training, pooping, not pooping, thought that a child can control other people with his actions regarding the anal region (development of the ego) [18months to2 years] *anal fixation (anal retention) if do not move on from this stage 3. Phallic stage: little boys interested in the penis and attached to their mom, boys are jealous with their dads because they have control of their moms [age 5] *Edipus complex- when boys do not move on from this stage, Freud explains homosexuality because of this complex *Elctra complex- girls wish they had a penis (penis envy) 4. Latency stage: [5 to puberty] 5. Genital stage: men and women learn proper use of heterosexual relationships [puberty] **Freud recognized gender differences**
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