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Week 3

by: Dori DeBrum
Dori DeBrum

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This is week 3 of notes for Comparative Politics
Comparative Government and Politics (GT-SS1)
Marcela Velasco
Class Notes
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Popular in Comparative Government and Politics (GT-SS1)

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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dori DeBrum on Thursday September 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 241 at Colorado State University taught by Marcela Velasco in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Comparative Government and Politics (GT-SS1) in Political Science at Colorado State University.


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Date Created: 09/15/16
1. Autonomy and Economy a. High Capacity, high autonomy: unchecked can pursue any goals they want (China) b. High Capacity, low autonomy: can accomplish goals but are often stymied by internal opposition (modern democracies) c. Low Capacity, high autonomy: are unresponsive and lack the ability to pursue their own goals (1990's Russia/ guided by authoritarian leaders) d. Low capacity, low autonomy: constrained by society but unable to accomplish societies goals (South Africa) 2. State as governance innovation a. Order and competition (16th and 17th century) b. Smaller, monocratic government (18th and 19th century) c. State in crisis 3. Conclusions on the state a. What do states do? i. Supervise activities ii. Control resources iii. Monitor people iv. Develop economy  Technology v. Shape a national identity b. Why do we need states? i. Overcome problems of collective action ii. Provide framework for market transactions iii. Establish rules to deal with conflict iv. Provide protection 4. World largely organized under states a. Variation in their autonomy and capacity b. State, helpful organization to overcome all manners of collective action problems c. State as governance innovation i. Modernized and evolved to address different issues: security, economic, development, and welfare 5. People Identify in many ways a. Ancestry, personal or cultural characteristics, group membership b. Not all of these identity markers constitute political aspirations 6. Ethnic and National Identity a. Ethnic identity: specific attributes or societal institutions that make one group of people culturally different from others b. Examples (very fluid) i. Race in the US  Skin color is one marker ii. Cultural community (or tribe) in East Africa  Markers include language, clothing, and diet  Can be one of the main things that divide people iii. religion in India  Family names and clothing are markers  Guatemala: for women, their textile indicates what religion of group they are from iv. Sexual orientation v. Regional identity (if western: south, cities, ect) c. Enhanced by other factors such as slavery d. Ethnicities and National Identities are different i. Ethnic identity is not necessarily political ii. Argentina, China, Middle East: these countries have one dominant ethnic group e. Not all ethnicities are nations, and not all nations are countries i. Cultures may not coincide with political boundaries ii. Some nations are divided  Ex: North Korea and South Korea iii. Many countries possess multiple nations  Ex: UK and Nigeria f. States, Nation, and Ethnicity: not the same things i. Nation may not represent a state ii. Nations can have different cultures and history  Ex: UK has nations such as Wales, Scotland, England, and Ireland  Group of people bound together with a political aspirations (nation definition) iii. Ethnic identities trump nation-state identities. These groups end up in conflict when people can’t get what they want by working within the system  Grievances (economic): but most people with grievances don't protest along ethnic lines  Institutional exclusion (political): institutions may moderate inter-ethnic conflicts, or increase them g. Different from the ideas of citizenship i. Formal recognition of person's relationship to the state  US: political rights h. Ancient hatred (socio/historical argument) i. But most ethnic conflicts are resolved peacefully through time


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