New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Ch. 4 Hinduism Continued 2.0

by: Jessica Crump

Ch. 4 Hinduism Continued 2.0 REL 101

Marketplace > University of Mississippi > Religion > REL 101 > Ch 4 Hinduism Continued 2 0
Jessica Crump
GPA 3.87

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes are from lecture 9/15/16. They wrap up chapter 4 with the rest of the Hindu history and the practices of Hinduism.
Intro to Religion
Kristy Slominski
Class Notes
Religious Studies
25 ?




Popular in Intro to Religion

Popular in Religion

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Crump on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Kristy Slominski in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to Religion in Religion at University of Mississippi.


Reviews for Ch. 4 Hinduism Continued 2.0


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/16/16
9/15/16 Chapter 4: Hinduism Pgs. 125-140 Age of the Guptas (320 – 540 CE)  “Golden Age”  Temples o Bhakti – devotion to gods; grew out of efforts to sponsor religion  Tantra – a movement that orginated in this time period Tantric Movements (500 CE onward)  Techniques for quick liberation – getting out of the cycle of rebirth faster (which usually takes many lifetimes) o Through rituals you can “transgress” to get to the spiritual reality  Transgression – rituals to transgress boundaries; often caste boundaries to access the sacred energy beyond this world; to become one with the deities or gaining spiritual insight o Initiation – probably by a guru; guru would give you the information, tasks, or tools for transgression o Mantras – sayings, noises e.g. ohm o Mandalas – pictures that focused the mind o Taboo substances – eating beef, or impure substances o Sexual union Hindu-Muslim Encounters  Images and beef  Mughal Empire (1500 – 1800) – Islamic empire that overlapped the “territory” of the Hindus; caused many issues because of the many differences between the religions  1947 partition of India – Indian independence from Britain; became Pakistan and India (Pakistan later becomes Pakistan and Bangladesh) British Raj (1858 – 1947)  Critiques of Hinduism – found it barbaric, too disorganized, not moththeistic, etc.  19 century Hindu reformers – response to the British critiques; many gained European educations to elevate the importance of many Hindu aspects in order to get it to make sense to the Europeans o Swami Vivekananda – a reformer who was English-educated who was sent to the U.S. to represent Hinduism; defended Hinduism at a convention so well that he became a bit of a celebrity within Hinduism 9/15/16 Mohandas Ghandi (1869 -1948)  A reformer who “fought” for Indian independence and the social structure of Hinduism o Known for non-violent protesting  An English educated lawyer at first Goals of Practice  Union of Atman and Brahman (ultimate reality) (mostly monistic view)  Liberation from effects of karma – consequences of karma are often the reason you cannot be released from the cycle of samsara o Moksha – liberation o Better rebirth – so that you may focus more on your spiritual life Ritual contexts  Mandir (temple) - public; institutional realm of worship  Home altars – a private place of worship Practices  Bhakti – devotion to the gods; offerings to the gods. One of the paths  Puja – worship ceremony either at home or in a temple; ritual involved in giving offerings  Arati – the waving of lights or candles in front of the gods  Darshan – sight, vision, or view; viewing the deity and being seen by the deity  Yoga (to yoke) – techniques to quiet the body for mental concentration; concentration to gain spiritual insight; gaining insight by eliminating distractions through breathing and body positions o Body positions (asanas) o Breath control – connects you to the spirits o Mantras – sacred sounds


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.