Hisroty 1311, 002, Tuesday 9.14.16 Notes
Hisroty 1311, 002, Tuesday 9.14.16 Notes 1311-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Francisco Soto on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311-002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Rufki Salihi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
9.14.16 Wednesday Life in the English Colonies *The glorious revolution in 1688 established parliamentary supremacy and secured the protestant secession to the throne. *Rather than risk a catholic succession through James II, a group of English aristocrats invited the Dutch Protestant William of Orange to assume the throne. *The overthrow of James II entrenched the notion that liberty was the brightening of all enlighten *Parliament issued a Bill of Rights such as trial jury *Parliament adopted the Toleration act 1690 which allowed protestant Dissenters to worship freely although only Anglicans could hold public office. *Witch trials occurred. Women were executed based on superstitions Diversity *In the Eighteenth century African and nonEnglish European arrivals skyrocketed. *As England´s economy improved, large –scale migration was draining labor from the mother country. *Efforts began to stop emigration. *London believed colonial development bolstered the nation’s power and wealth. *Fifty thousand convicts were sent to the Chesapeake to work in tobacco fields. Germans The German migration *Germans 110000 in all formed the largest group of newcomers from the European continent *Germans tended to travel in entire families. *Migration greatly enhanced the ethnic and religious diversity in Britain´s colonies. *Most colonies did not adhere to separation of church and state. *Taxes were levied to pay for ministers. *Catholics and Jews could not vote nor hold office in most colonies. *Jews, however, were able to escape the rigid religious restrictions of Germanspeaking parts of Europe. *Other liberties also attracted settlers. *Availability of land *Lack of military draft. *Absence of restrains on economic opportunity. *Indian communities were well integrated into the British imperial system. *Traders, British officials, and farmers all viewed Indians differently. *The walking purchase of 1737 used decent to gain more land from Pennsylvania Indians. Consumer Revolution *Great Britain eclipsed the Dutch in the eighteenth century as leader in trade. *Colonial products like coffee and tea. *Manufactured goods such as linen, metal ware, pins, ribbons, glassware, ceramics, and clothing. Colonial Cities *Spanish colonial cities such as Mexico City were much more populated than British colonies. *Cities served mainly as gathering places for agricultural goods and for imported items that were distributed. Colonial Artisans *The city was home to a large population of artisans. *Myer Myers was a Jewish silversmith from NY, whose career reflected the opportunities open to men of diverse backgrounds in colonial cities. *Despite the influx of British goods, American craftsmen benefited from the expanding consumer market. *Trade unified the British Empire and connected I to other parts. The colonial Elite *Expanding trade created merchants to be an upper class. *South planters became wealthy. *America had no titled aristocracy. *1770 Virginian upper classes inherited their wealth.
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