1311 History Notes from friday 9.16.16
1311 History Notes from friday 9.16.16 1311-002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Francisco Soto on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1311-002 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Rufki Salihi in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see history in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Friday 9/16/16 Atlantic Slavery A series of triangular trade routes crisscrossed the Atlantic. Colonial merchants profited from the slave trade, even in areas where slavery was a minor institution. Slavery became connected with the color black, and liberty with the color white. Africa and the slave trade With the expedition of the king or Benin, most African rulers participated in the slave trade, gaining guns and textiles in exchange for their slaves. The slave trade was concentrated in western Africa greatly disrupting its society and economy. The middle passage The middle passage was the voyage slaves took across the Atlantic from Africa. Slaves were crammed abroad ships for maximum profit. Slave traders took the vast majority of slaves to Brazil and to the West Indies, where death rates were high. Three distinct slave system were well entrenched in Britain’s mainland colonies. *Chesapeake *South Carolina and Georgia. *Non planification societies of New England and middle colonies Many slaves died by sickness, intoxication, and by being choked with the weight of other on top of them. After 1680, labor switched from indentured servitude to slavery. As Virginians moved westward so did slavery. The center of slavery moved from the Tidewater region to the Piedmont. Slavery transformed the Chesapeake society into an elaborate hierarchy of degrees of freedom: Large planters Yeomen farmers Indentured servants farmers Slaves Chesapeake With the consolidation of a slave society, planters enacted laws to protect their power over the slaves. Race became more important as a line of social division, and free blacks lost rights as free and whites became identical. The rice kingdom South Carolina and Georgian slavery rested on rice. Rice and Indigo required many slaves to cultivate. Slaves had daily jobs, times, and very shorts breaks to rest. Georgia Georgia was established by a group of philanthropists led by James Oglethorpe in 1733. Oglethorpe had banned liquor and slaves, but the settlers demanded their right of self government and repealed the bans by the early 1750s In 1751, Georgia became a royal colony. Slavery in the North. Since the economy of New England and the Middle Colonies were based on small farms, making slaves less important. Lass were less harsh for slaves than in the south because they didn’t saw a threat. Slave culture and slave resistance The common link among Africans in America was not kinship language, or even race, but slavery itself. For most of the eighteenth century, the majority of American slaves were African by birth. The experience of transit of traditional African religions to Christianity was difficult for the slaves. West African religions were a great variety, but shared a belief of spiritual forces in nature. When slaves turned Christians many melded Christianity with their past religion. In South Carolina and Georgia two very different black societies emerged. Communities on rice plantations retained significant African cultural elements. Had little contact with whites. Enjoyed much more autonomy when compared to slaves from other economies. Slaves in the cities of Charleston and Savannah is assimilated more quickly into EuroAmerican culture. Resistance slavery A common thread among African Americans was the experience of slavery and desire of freedom. Many plantation slaves in South Carolina and Georgia ran away to Florida or to cities. The first eighteenth century slave uprising occurred in New York City in 1712. Uprising also occurred In French Louisiana and on various Caribbean islands. The crisis of 17391741 The Stono Rebellion of 1739 in South Carolina led to the tightening of the slave code. A panic in 1741 swept New York City after a series of fires broke out a huge rebellion.
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