Psychology: Personalities (Ch. 10), Week 2 (part 2)
Psychology: Personalities (Ch. 10), Week 2 (part 2) PSY 150A1
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jesus Notetaker on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 150A1 at University of Arizona taught by Julie Feldman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Structure of Mind & Behavior in Psychology And Social Behavior at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Personality (Ch. 10) PART 2 (PSYCH Spencer A. Rathus; Student Edition 4) Abraham Maslow (19081970): selfactualization Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Physiological or Survival Needs survival psychically and psychological Safety Needs cannot be satisfied until lower needs are met Love, affections, and belongingness needs Esteem Needs Need for selfactualization healthy individual’s prime for motivation SelfActualization actualizing one’s potential for becoming all one is capable of becoming Introversion trait characterized by intense imagination and the tendency to inhabit impulses Extraversion trait characterized by tendencies to be outgoing and to express feelings and impulses feely The Trait Perspective: traits are stable elements of someone’s personality Freud linked the devolvement of certain traits to children experiences in each pycholosexual development people display consistency in their actions, thoughts, and feelings people differ from each other in many ways Five Factor Model Costa and McCrae (1990’s): Extraversion (E) degree of interpersonal interaction /activity level (low shy, timid, and passive) Neuroticism (N) degree of emotional stability (high irritable) Agreeableness (A) quality of interpersonal orientation (high more cooperative, low cold) Conscientiousness (C) degree of organization, goalorientation (low careless, irresponsible) Openness to Experience (O) preference for exploration, tolerance of unfamiliar (low narrowminded) Projective Test measures motives, desires, or emotions (psychological, xray) Rorschach’s Inkblot Test: most used, reflects our inner feelings and conflict Ex: A child is given a picture of a couple looking at each other with another child in the front. The child explains that the little kid on the other side of the couch is looking at the broken toy and is being blamed for breaking it. The child says that he thinks the child in the picture is going to be beat, and that dad is made at him, and he knows that he didn’t break it and probably mom did it or somebody else. To a psychologist, this shows the child’s personal experience with this type of situation, emotionally unstable (ashamed). Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT): developed by Henry Murray and Christina Morgan the patient is given pictures that don’t have stories, but different people are able to see different objects and are able to say a story, this helps the psychologist to find their personality Personality Assessment Technique: Psychodynamic projective tests aimed to reveal unconscious motivations Humanistic questionnaire assessments of selfconcept & selfactualization Trait objective psychological tests to assess the strength of different traits Objective Tests: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) assesses disorders (depression) rather than normal personalities, most popular. Ex: “Someone is trying to poison me”, “I feel uneasy indoors”
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