GEOG 1010: South America 1
GEOG 1010: South America 1 GEOG 1010
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Jim Norwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
SouthAmerica1 9/14/16 10:11 AM • Major Geographic Qualities ○ Physiography § Dominated by The Andes and the Amazon Basin ○ Population § Concentrated along the periphery Cultural Pluralism ○ § Exists in most countries and is expressed regionally ○ Regional Economic Interaction § Has been minimal in the past • The Inca Empire Culture Hearth ○ § Intermontane Basin near Cuzco (1200 -1535 AD) ○ Altiplanos were key to settlement patterns § Altitude Plain high in the Andes ○ Transportation networks and integration efforts were most impressive ○ A highly centralized state ○ Treaty of Tordesillas § 1494 • Culture Spheres ○ Tropical Plantation § Resembles Middle America's Rimland § Locations, soils and tropical climates favor plantation crops, especially sugar § Initially relied on African slave labor ○ European-Commercial § The most "Latin" part of South America § Includes the Pampas- temperate grasslands § Economically most advanced § Transportation networks and quality of life are excellent ○ Amerind-Subsistence § Correlates with the former Inca Empire § Feudal socioeconomic structure persists § Includes some of South America's poorest countries § Subsistent agriculture must contend with difficult environmental challenges ○ Mestizo-Traditional § Surrounds the Amerind-Subsistence region § A zone of mixtur- culturally and agriculturally § Transitional- economic connotations ○ Undifferentiated § Characteristics difficult to classify § Sparsely populated Isolation and lack of change - notable features § § Development of Amazonia may prompt significant changes • Economic Integration ○ Mercosur § Launched in 1995 § A Southern cone common market § Includes Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay ○ Andean Community § Initially formed in 1969 (Andean Pact) § Restarted in 1995 § Members are Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia (Venezuela withdrew in 2006) ○ South American Community of Nations Founded in 2004 § § Modeled after the EU and hopes to forge a union between all 12 South American states § Hopes to have a common currency § Initial focus on a highway from Brazil to the Peruvian coast ○ Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) § Promoted by NAFTA proponents § Hopes to incorporate NAFTA, Mercosur and other trading blocs • Population ○ Test Question: Most of the population is around the periphery** • Urbanization ○ The movement to and clustering of people in towns or cities ○ The percentage of the country's population living in cities § 80% continent-wide in South America § South America's increase based on the rate of "natural increase" and internal migration § The "Latin American City" model
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