Conservation of the Environment
Conservation of the Environment GEOG 178
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Pankratz on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 178 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Professor Cyril Wilson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Conservation of Environment in Geography at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Geography 178 Lecture Notes Sept 12-14 Conservation of the Environment Environment- the conditions that surround an organism or group of organisms Biophysical vs cultural environments (natural vs man made) Conservation- making sure usage of resources doesn’t deplete the supply (using resources wisely, prolonging life of materials) Environmentalism- ideological framework for protecting the natural world, sustainability/sustainable development Ecological economics- relationship between humans and the natural world Conservation of the environment- study of how humans affect the biophysical and cultural environments, and the methods of solving these problems at various scales Closely related to environmental science Pragmatic resource conservation- established by Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot, before 1870s- no laws to protect environment, save the forest/protect the land so the people can use it, establishment of national parks and forests Biocentric preservation of nature- moral and aesthetic conservation, environment has the right to exist regardless of its usefulness to humans, John Muir- founder of The Sierra Club, humans have the responsibility to take care of the environment, Aldo Leopold- idea of land ethics Modern environmentalism- after WWII- industrial growth led to new concerns about the environment (air pollution and toxic chemicals), Rachel Carson/David Brower/Barry Commoner, agenda expanded in 60s and 70s, 80s led to environmental health and sustainable development, Green Belt Movement Global Environmental Citizenship- reorient the visualization from local and regional to a global focus, highlights fragile nature of earth Sustainable Development- development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the future generations’ ability to meet their own needs Benefits must be available to all humans (not exclusively to certain privileged groups) Environmental ethics- explores the range of views on nature and natural resources Can be nature-centered, human-centered, or a combination of both Environmental justice- fair and equal treatment of people with respect to environmental policies and practices, regardless of socioeconomic status, race, or ethnicity Not isolated to the United States Examines how use of natural resources benefits some and burdens others Addresses collective obligations to future generations
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