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POLS 2306 Week 3 Notes

by: Cindy Cattey

POLS 2306 Week 3 Notes POLS 2306

Cindy Cattey
Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

Notes from 9/12 (Exam 9/14, class cancelled 9/16) This covers the end of state constitutions
State and Local Government
Dr. Paula Arledge
Class Notes
Constitutions, Government, political science, State Government
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cindy Cattey on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2306 at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi taught by Dr. Paula Arledge in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in Political Science at Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi.

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Date Created: 09/16/16
Lecture Notes Week 3 Key ideas Definitions Court Cases STATE CONSTITUTIONS (9/12) • Constitutional Change ® voters decide o An election held for all citizens, no changes made without voter approval • Obstacles to revision o Proposal is difficult (2/3 vote required in both houses for legislative assembly) o Opposition: opposing interest groups can be more organized/funded than supporters • Alternatives to amending (changes made without amending) o Judicial interpretation: state supreme courts have the final say on what the constitution means § Many things are vague and defined loosely so they are open to interpretation (ex: “unreasonable search and seizure,” “due process”) § TX has 2 high courts o Statutory amplification: legislation interprets to give themselves the power to make laws when they don’t think the constitution can be amended § ex: LA constitution said the legislature should “suppress gambling,” they interpreted it to mean “regulate” so they could legalize it during a financial crisis o Ignore provisions: getting around the “fluffiest” and most restrictive language § ex: TX says that bills must be read three times in a legislative session before a vote can be taken, but nothing would get done this way. They get around it by reading the title three times o Non-Constitutional initiative: the people put things on the ballot themselves, not changing the Constitution itself § ex: AZ passed a non-constitutional initiative to make English their official language § TX does not allow statewide initiatives, but local opinion can still impact cities/towns (ex: Corpus Christi developer withdrew a resort because citizens voted on not closing the beach) § TX citizens directly vote on: i. State income tax ii. Legislative salaries iii. Constitutional amendments


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