Week 6 Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Dickinson on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FNDS 4630 at University of Georgia taught by Hea Park in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Notes f or FDNS 4630 CRN15786 (Week 6 9/12 -9/16 ) Monday: Eastern Orthodox • 1054 AD Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches split (East-West Schism) • Membership: -260 million worldwide (12% of the global Christian population) -39% reside in Russia, the country with the largest number of Orthodox -87% can be found in the 10 countries -2.6 million in US, Greek Orthodox is the largest one (about 47%), Russian -76.9% of Eastern Orthodox live in Europe Diet-related practices Fasting- about 200 days • Pope authority not recognized • Marriage of clergy • Use of leavened bread for communion • Interpretation of the Trinity • Opportunity to gain God’s grace and the power to resist spiritual temptations and the passions of the flesh • Preparation for a feast • During fast: pray, do good deeds, practice sexual abstinence, no smoking • More than just food restriction! • Specifics vary with day of week, specific fast, and local parish custom • Excluded: sick or weak, pregnant, nursing, small children General rules for a strict fast every Wednesday and Friday • No meat including poultry • No any meat products such as lard or meat broth • No fish (shellfish are permitted) • No egg and dairy products • No olive oil, sometimes include all vegetable oils as well as oil products such as margarine • No wine and other alcoholic drinks. In the Slavic tradition, beer is often permitted on fast days Foods consumed during fasting • Fruits, vegetables, bread, olives, pasta, beans, lentil soups, invertebrate fish Fast Days Communion • From midnight until communion is received (includes all food and water) Every Wednesday and Friday except during fast-free weeks • Week following Christmas to eve of Theophany (12 days following Christmas) • Bright week (week following Easter) • Trinity week (week following Trinity Sunday or Pentecost) 4 Fast Periods • The Lenten Fast (Great Lent and Holy Week) -7 weeks -Great lent is the longest and strictest fasting season • Dormition Fast -2 weeks -Fasting is like that during most of Great Lent • Apostles Fast -8 days to 6 weeks • Nativity fast -6 weeks Greek Orthodox- Saturday before Easter • Magurutsa- soup made with internal organs of lamb-liver, pancreas, lungs, and heart • Tsoureki- thick, round, and leavened loves of bread decorated with colored, hard-boiled eggs Greek Easter • Hard-boiled eggs are colored red to symbolize blood of Christ • Cracking symbolizes opening of tomb • Russian Orthodox- Easter eggs highly ornate • Lamb is a tradition, seasoned with lemon and cooked over an open pit • Soup, stuffed vegetables, salad, sweet pastries Greek Christmas • Pork of lamb • Chicken-lemon soup • Cheese • Salads • Christoposomo (sweet Christmas bread) • Kourambiedes (Christmas shortbread cookie) Orthodox Lifestyle Associated behaviors enhance health • Whoever follows the fasting has a much better blood profile • Relaxation • Life satisfaction • Personal hygiene • Physical activity • Healthful nutrition • Mediterranean diet is healthy Wednesday: Name: Each state in India is its own country Tirupati, India is her hometown Special ball dish made of chickpea flour Southern states love spicy foods Religion Invasions -Moghul Empire • Left a significant mark on Indian cuisine particularly in northern parts of India Portuguese and British • Came in search of spices, gold and silk • Loved black pepper • Introduced cashews, potatoes, and tomatoes • Strong influence on Indian cuisine Cereal: rice, wheat, millets Pulses (legumes, lentils) Most food is made from scratch and fresh Eat millets, pay less, stay healthier, save Earth • Small grains • Grown in dry regions • Drought resistant • High in fiber and minerals Legumes • Low glycemic index compared to rice • Antioxidants: Legumes are rich in essential nutrients that exhibit antioxidants effects such as vitamin C, copper, and selenium • Glycemic Indexes: The glycemic index is an indicator of a specific food’s effect on blood sugar levels. Legumes are generally low on the glycemic index • Protein: legumes, grains, fruits, and vegetables often lack at least one of the essential amino acids and are considered to provide incomplete proteins Lentils are as good as meat in protein content Biriyani • Mixed rice dish • Basmati rice preferred (sona masoori rice) • Known for its spicy and hot taste • Can be cooked with vegetables or meat • Spices, fried onions and mint-key to taste • Chicken biriyani -has a great Mughal impact Raita • Yoghurt based side dish -Cucumber, onion, carrots, tomatoes mixed with yogurt • Commonly served as a side dish with biriyani • Also served as a salad Butter Chicken and Naan/Paratha • Chicken sauted in butter and cooked in tomato gravy -Usually have a lot of onion, tomatoes, cumin, turmeric, mustard, garlic, ginger • Naan and paratha are breads -Either wheat or all purpose flour Idli and Dosa • Fermented black lentils and rice batter • A good mixture of carbs, protein, fat, and fiber • Essential amino acids and enzymes India has the second largest number of people with diabetes in the world (first- China) There are 1 billion people in India Consumption of refined grains is associated with increased risk of diabetes Ghee • Therapeutic use of ghee for thousands of years in the Ayurvedic system of medicine • High doses of ghee decreased serum cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol esters in psoriasis patients • Significantly lower prevalence of coronary heart disease and has anti-cancer properties Masala Chai- spiced milk tea Lassi- yogurt based drink Flavored milk- Almond milk Pickles in India • Pickles are an important source of sustenance for travelers and impoverished families • Almost everything can be pickled in India: Chicken, mango, lemon, egg plant, etc. • Long shelf life Thali is the way of presenting foods- a little bit of everything- full plate Not practical to eat this way every day at home Thadka • Secret behind the flavor and aroma of most of the Indian savory dishes • Chana dal, Urad dal, dried red chilies, mustard seeds, fenugreek seeds Paan Chew Betal leaves and areca nut- euphoric feeling and fullness May affect the nervous system Contributes to oral cancer The Indian Cuisine is vast and differs from region to region and person to person It has huge medicinal values and is also used in Ayurvedic medicines Chicken is the preferred meat in India, also lamb. No beef really Friday:
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