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Memory Notes for psychology-9/14/16

by: Sofia Hernandez-Tome

Memory Notes for psychology-9/14/16 PSY 2012

Marketplace > Florida State University > Social Science > PSY 2012 > Memory Notes for psychology 9 14 16
Sofia Hernandez-Tome
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About this Document

These notes cover material from class on 9/14/16 and also information from the textbook.
General Psychology
Cassie Berry
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sofia Hernandez-Tome on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 2012 at Florida State University taught by Cassie Berry in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Social Science at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
9/14/16 Psychology Notes­ Chapter 7 Memory Memory: ­Memory is the retention of information over time o Research shows that memory is astonishingly accurate ­Memory Illusion is a false but subjectively compelling memory o Most memory illusions are by­products of our brain's generally adaptive tendency to go  beyond information available to it The three systems of memory: ­Sensory memory  Brief sensory activation  Much sensory input never enter conscious processing types  Types of sensory memory: o Iconic memory (Visual) ­last about a second o Echoic memory (Auditory) ­lasts about 5­10seconds ­Short­Term Memory/Working Memory  Brief memory for material currently being processed  Keeps information active and accessible  Helps coordinate ongoing mental activities   Attention is central to short­term memory  Short term memory decays­fades away over time o Chunking: ­Organizing material into meaningful groupings o Rehearsal: ­Repeating information mentally  Short­term vs. Working memory o Short­term memory­ digital span o Working memory­complex span tasks, more interesting Long Term Memory:   Contains memory for experiences and knowledge collected over a lifetime  Large capacity  Memories are distributed  Explicit Memory o Ponder experience and knowledge o Memories retrieved intentionally and with conscious awareness ­Types of explicit memory include semantic and episodic memory o Semantic memory­ Knowledge of facts about the world o Episodic memory­Recollection of events in our lives  Implicit Memory o Retrieval independent of conscious reflection  o Procedural memory ­Procedural memory, a type of implicit memory, refers to memory for motor skills and habits o Priming is often unconscious ­Priming, a type of implicit memory, refers to our ability to identify a stimulus more easily or  more quickly when we've previously encountered similar stimuli               


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