MENA 160A1 Notes Week 3 and 4
MENA 160A1 Notes Week 3 and 4 MENA 160A1
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by madelinef on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MENA 160A1 at University of Arizona taught by Professor Scott Lucas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see The Religion of Islam in Religious Studies at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
MENA 160A1 Class Notes Week 4 The Qur’an o The direct word of God o Eternal or created? --> has beginning and end but attribute of God o Gabriel is who gave it to Muhammad from God (he was the middle man/messenger) o Prophet Muhammad (610-632) disseminated it o Caliph ‘Uthman (644-656) Political leader of Muslim community. Friend and son in low of Muhammad o Arabic then is different than Arabic today o Recite Qur’an out load during prayers daybreak, sunset, and night time o Qur’an= to recite/recitation/meant to be read o Decided Qur’an should all be the same written Terms o Sura= chapter o 6200 verses o meccan suras- Witten before 622 and focused more on basic practices and beliefs o median suras- written after 622 and focus more on living and laws o earliest suras= 96, 68, 73, 74, 111 o last suras= 9,5 o Not arranged chronologically Themes o Subject of Qur’an in a “double sense”: God= subject and a speaker o God is one o God has no partners o God sends messages o God gives life, cases death and raises up o God is merciful o God is a guide Theological and ethical verses o The opening in the name of God, the lord of Mercy, the giver of Mercy It is you we worship, it is you we ask for help a single request guide us to the straight path o The throne verse Divine attributes All that is in the heavens and the earth belongs to him Kursi= chair (now) footrest (old days) or throne (khaj ledge) Anthrophorism- God having human attributes Suras 99 and 101- the End o About an earthquake o Pleasant life vs. bottomless pit o What does god do? He does not like those who do wrong Counsel: An ethical passage o Mutual consultation=encouraged o God doesn’t like those who do wrong o Stress patience and forgiveness The sura everyone knows o He is god, the one o God is eternal o He fathers no one, not was he forgotten. o No one is comparable to him Prophets in suras 19 and 21 o Zachariah and John o Mary and Jesus o Abraham Ishmael and Isaac Lot o Moses o Noah o David and Solomon o Job o Jonah The 1 couple o Adams and the angel- angles bow down to Adam because God said to o Adam and Satan Satan didn’t bow down to Adam. God says Satan can try to lead people astray o Eve’s roll got Adam to eat forbidden fruit o Lesson learned- they’re naked, don’t get deceived, obey God but if disobey, repent Sura of women o Origins o Polygamy- 4 is the maximum but need to treat all equally o Dower- money goes to wife. Can promise it to be repaid by divorce if it occurs o Peaceful settlement vs. divorce Divorce can happen twice o To divorce simply say “I wish to get a divorce” o Remarriage after a divorce can happen 2 times then can’t happen again o Female divorce- woman releases man from dower and goes to court of all male judges
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