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History of Buddhism, Week 4 Lecture Notes

by: Smetana Larson

History of Buddhism, Week 4 Lecture Notes Eas 160 A1

Marketplace > University of Arizona > Eas 160 A1 > History of Buddhism Week 4 Lecture Notes
Smetana Larson

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These are notes from the week 4 lecture
The Worlds of Buddhism
Takashi Miura
Class Notes
Worlds of Buddhism, world religions
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Smetana Larson on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Eas 160 A1 at University of Arizona taught by Takashi Miura in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.

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Date Created: 09/16/16
The Worlds of Buddhism  EAS 160A1  Takashi Miura  Monday 9/12/16    Bolded words are key words  Important concepts, noted by professor, are highlighted    Dharma  1. Anatman: “No Self”, or “selflessness”  a. Brahman​ is the ultimate reality that covers everything (ocean), a ​ tman ​ is the  individual experience of that reality (drop of water)  i. Buddhism argues that there is no Atman, individual soul ­> anatman  b. There is no unchanging, eternal soul  c. Impermanence  ​ (everything can change)  i. “No man ever steps in the same river twice” or candle flame  1. Always being renewed  ii. Everything changes from moment to moment ­there is no permanent,  eternal “self” = anatman  d. Dependent origination:  ​ when condition A exists, effect B arises. When condition  A does not exist, effect B does not arise  i. Mahalo means thank you in Hawaiian. It's written on the trash cans, but  the Japanese thought it meant “trash”, so they were confused when it  appeared in other contexts  e. If you let go of your sense of self (anatman), there is no craving and therefor no  suffering.    f. State beyond craving and suffering ­ nirvana  g. What about you sense of “self”?   i. Five Aggregates  1. Material form (Rupa)  2. Feelings and sensations (Vedana)  3. Perceptions (Samjna)  4. Mental formations (Samskara)  5. Consciousness (Vijnana)  ii. Basis of our sense of karma  1. The goal is to direct actions toward nirvana  iii. Eightfold path  1. Right View  2. Right Resolve  3. Right Speech  4. Right Action  5. Right Livelihood  6. Right Effort  7. Right Mindfulness  8. Right Meditation    iv. Analogy of our sense of self is a dog tied to a pole with a leash, it cannot  leave that pole until it becomes liberated  v. We are experiencing reality as an accumulation of myriad processes and  sensory stimuli ­> fabrication is the processes and sensory stimuli that are  experienced by a separate, independent entity called the “self”  vi. Video: Sam Harris: The Self is an Illusion  1. Explains what they mean by selflessness  vii. Craving arises when we misinterpret “designation” as “substance”     Wednesday 9/14/16 (The Dharma Continued)    2. Term Paper  a. 800 to 1000 word response to one of the questions in the syllabus   ­persuasive paper that answers the question  ­must have title, intro, body, conclusion (outline on D2L)  ­requires 4 sources cited using MLA (textbook works as a source)  ­peer review name required at the end  ­name and page numbers in paper  b. Draft due Friday 10/14    Anatman review  3. 3 Marks of Existence  a. Impermanence  b. Suffering (dukha)  c. No self (anatman)  4. Video on anatman  a. The only thing constant about life is that it is constantly changing  b. Holding onto the notion of self is what keeps people in samsara  i. Not getting rid of it, because it wasn’t there in the beginning  5. Story: questions of King Milinda  a. Ruled greek kingdom of Bactria (2nd century)  b. Visited monk named Nagasena  c. Important dialogue explaining the concept of anatman:  “If that's the case, your majesty, tell me what is the chariot”  Emptiness  6. Expansion of the concept of “no­self”  a. Anatman­ individual entity  b. Emptiness ­ all realit  7. A doctrine that asserts that all reality is devoid of permanent essence  a. Impermanence  b. Dependent origination  8. Emptiness is also expressed as “non­duality”  a. With regards to it’s essenceless nature, a clear sense of boundary that defines  anything dissipates ­> everything is one flux of ever changing state of being  b. Everything is undifferentiated when we look through the lense of emptiness  9. Emptiness in Zen  a. Often expressed through paintings  b. It's not about the painting itself, the depiction of nature reflects one’s  understanding of emptiness can be seen when the subject and the scene  10. Matsuo Basho poem explains emptiness:  a. an ancient pond / a frog jumps in / the splash of water  b. Matsuo does not differential himself from the frog  11. Meditating buddhists hear birds chirping at first, but in a state of “non­duality”, you feel like  you are the bird chirping  a. You lose your sense of self  12. Anatman/Emptiness could be considered pessimistic  a. According to buddhists, embracing “no­self” has a happy, liberating effect  13. Beauty  a. What we see is beautiful is merely a social construct that society defines, this is  evident because it has changed over time  i. It's made up / conditioned  b. Social expectations for relationships regarding race, height, appearance  c. Buddhists are liberated from these constructs 


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