Contemporary Social Problems Week 5
Contemporary Social Problems Week 5 SO 1103
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katerina Kushla on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Laura Jean Kerr in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 2 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Social Problems in Sociology at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Chapter 7: Work and Unemployment (continued) Week 5 9/12/16 – 9/16/16 Sweatshop Labor Sweatshop Labor: - Work environment characterized by: - Less than minimum wage - Excessively long hours - Unsafe conditions - Abusive treatment by employers - Lack or organizations aimed at negotiating better working condition Sweatshop Labor in the United States: - In 2012, the Department of Labor found widespread “sweatshop-like” labor violations in the Los Angeles garment industry - Immigrant farm workers, who process 85% of the fruits and vegetables grown in the United States, also work under sweatshop conditions Forced Labor and Slavery: - Forced Labor in the United States: - Each year, 14,000 to 17,000 people are trafficked into the United States and forced into slavery, most commonly in domestic work, farm labor, and the sex industry - Migrant workers are tricked into working for little or no pay as a means of repaying debts from their transport across the U.S. border, similar to debt bondage in South Asia Efforts to End Slavery and Child Labor - One strategy to fight slavery is punishment o Convicted slave traffickers in the United States are subject to prison sentences o U.S. corporations are also being held accountable for enterprises that involve forced labor and other human rights and labor violations - Education is a primary means to combat child labor Work-Life Policies and Programs - Federal and State Family and Medical Leave Initiatives: - In 1993, President Clinton signed the first national policy to help workers meet the dual demands of work and family - The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) requires all public agencies and private-sector employers (with 50 or more employees who worked at least 1,250 hours in the preceding year) to provide up to 12 weeks of job protected, unpaid leave. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy: people act in a matter consistent with expectation (Symbolic Interactionism) Social Class and Family Background - Begun in 1965 - Help preschool children from the most disadvantaged homes - Head Start provides an integrated program of health care, parental involvement, education, and social services for qualifying children - Early Head Start is a program for infants and toddlers from low-income families. Participating children perform significantly better in cognitive, language, and social- emotional development than their peers who do not participate - SES (Social economic Status) – income + education level + occupation - Students from higher SES backgrounds are more likely to enroll in advanced courses, graduate from high school, and graduate with a bachelor’s degree in five years - Students from the lowest income families have the lowest average test scores for ACT and SAT Race and Ethnicity - School Desegregation: In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that segregated education was unconstitutional because it was inherently unequal - Bilingual Education: Teaching children in both English and their non-English native language. o Advocates claim that bilingual education results in better academic performance of minority students o Critics argue that bilingual education limits minority students and places them at a disadvantage when they compete outside the classroom - The Coleman Report advocated the integration hypothesis – a theory that the only way to achieve quality education for all racial and ethnic groups is to desegregate the schools - Hispanics and blacks are less likely to succeed in school at almost every level (in comparison to white)
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