Soc 101: Week 4 Notes
Soc 101: Week 4 Notes Soc 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hailey Hansen on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 101 at University of Mississippi taught by Dr. Miguel Centellas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Chapter 4 Socialization and Interaction Why do teenagers do dangerous things? We are often peer pressured into doing things, but we don’t do it alone. This is a part of the way we socialize. The Individual and the Self Symbolic Interaction and Development of the Self o Humans and Nonhumans Our ability to make symbolic speech distinguishes us from animals. We are able to contemplate our existence – we are capable of thought. o Symbolic Interaction Hand gestures, voice, tone, sarcasm o Mind and Self The mind can be thought of as your thoughts. But more than that, it is the ongoing conversation in your head when you talk to yourself. To have self is to understand that there is a you that exists that others can see. However, you aren’t born with self, it has to be developed. Looking Glass Self – the selfimage that reflects how others respond to a person particularly as a child. o Think about mirror selfies – we are aware of how others see us o The Generalized Other The attitude of the entire group or community taken by individuals in the process of developing their own behaviors and attitudes. This is the “they” everyone always talks about. For example, someone might say, “You can’t go out looking like that! What will they say?” o The I and Me The Individual as a Performer Impression Management o People’s use of a variety of techniques to control the images of themselves that they want to project during their social performances. Think about a classroom setting. You may act engaged and attentive, but you may really be on some social media. Front and Back Stage o Front stage is the side of your personality you show to the public. o Back stage is your personality behind closed doors. Socialization Childhood Socialization o Primary Socialization and the Family o Peers When spending time with peers, you pick up vocabulary, musical tastes, clothing, etc. o Gender o Mass Media and New Media o Consumer Culture Adult Socialization o Workplaces Socialized in how to behave in professional setting o Total Institutions o Other Aspect of Adult Socialization Family – learn social expectations School – socialized by teachers and classmates – probably the first time you encounter different social structures Childhood 100 Years Ago Until the early 1900s, children were expected to work, either in the fields, mines, or factories. The U.S. didn’t abolish child labor until 1938, as a way to help adult employment during the Great Depression. Interaction Reciprocity and Exchange “Doing” Interaction Interaction Order Status and Role o Status – Dimensions of social stratification that relates to the prestige attached to people’s positions within society Ascribed status – status you’re born with Achieved status – things you achieve Master status – status that dominates your life o Role – what is generally expected of a person who occupies a given status Role conflict – playing several roles Role overload – can’t manage roles Role making – role you make for yourself Interpersonal Relationships Types of Groups o Dyads – 2 members o Triads – 3 members The more intense the ties, the weaker the attachments. Intense, in this sense, relates to the numbers of members. So in other words, the more people that are involved in a group, the weaker the attachments between each individual. o Primary groups – groups that are small, are closeknit, and have facttoface interaction Usually relatively small o Reference groups – groups that people take into consideration in evaluating themselves, provides standards for judging one’s attitudes or behaviors Conformity ASH’S EXPERIMENT This experiment shows that people will often give the wrong answer so they don’t contradict the group. o Show just how strong social conformity is.
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