Art 1300 - Lecture Notes Week #4
Art 1300 - Lecture Notes Week #4 1300
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Furman on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1300 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Davinia N Gomez-Miraval in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Art Appreciation September 13 , 2016 Professor Gomez-Miraval Lecture Notes KEY INFO KEY PEOPLE KEY TERMS KEY PLACES Time and Movement Time Ancient calendar depicts cyclical time…time only moves forwardnever backward o Relates to the life of our culture (circleof life) and ancient civilizations (they reach their peak and then begin to decline as time passes) Monet o Paintings of the reflection of light on different objects (haystacks and the roman cathedral) Comes to the same scene multiple times throughout the year and paints the object as it changes with the change in light (depicts the passage of time with that locationand object) Curved lines o The curve of the line helps to depict movement o Van Gogh Utilitizes brush strokes to create larger curved lines to help depict movement Matisse o “The Dance” Depicts people dancing ina circular motion and alsodraws the people using curved lines Orange color depicts warmbodies due to their movement Helps the viewerto see how long and intense the people have been dancing Also the positioning of the falling body on a diagonal line helps the viewerto stop time before he falls Movement Kinetic Movement o Actual movement of the artwork o Wouldn’t expect to see this type of movement in a sculpture o Alexander Calder Made sculptures withwiresthat allow eachpart of the artworkto move, inspired by choreography The bases are still and heavy, but the tops are light and moveable His sculptures have the most elegant movement (a workof art that recreates itself at every turn) His artwork have beenfound in the Guggenheim museum (mobiles); the kinetic movement of his works are complemented by the implied movement of the winding ramp found inthe museum Implied Motion o Can attain implied motion through the repetition and alteration of shapes o Artists are utilizing new camera technology to try new ways to make art (still shots compiled together in a sequence to imply motion) These techniques help give wayto earlymotion pictures o “Nude Descending the Staircase” Staircase depicted inthe lowerleft hand corner of the work The body of the personis depictedalong the height of the right side of the artwork (withthe head inthe upper right hand corner) The chaos inthe shapes, is meant to depictthe speedof the body moving down the stairs…a sense of urgency; the artworkis not meant to be clear and for us to be able to see the body easily(because the artist wanted to portray that speed) o Musicians playing You see the bow movements blend together to show that the piece they are playing is veryfast-paced Art movement – consists of several artists following the same principles,ideas, and rules o Ex: Pointillism, impressionism, etc. 1. Futurism – inspired by motions and the inventions of the 20 century (camera, vehicles, etc.) a. depicts the fast moving life b. praises speed,energy, dynamism movement c. Ex: woman running i. Her head, clothing, shoes, etc are repeated multiple times to show forwardmovement d. Ex; excited dog i. Movement shown inthe tail,feet, head, and leash ii. Suggests the dog is very excited e. “Dynamism of a cyclist” i. Depicts the cyclist moving forwardat a fast pace ii. the outline of the head is in the upper right hand corner and the bike is a blur to show the speed 2. Op Art a. Use of restrictedpalettes b. Use of geometric shapes and neutrals c. Demonstrates restrictedmovement Time Implied Time o Comic strips, graphic novel o The time that passes is decidedby the artist o Ex: 7 panel artwork All panels are the same except for panels #1 “come” and #3 “please” There are two females holding each other but nothing is happening between the two figures Little movement candepict a very quick timeframe o Ex: Skeleton painting with 2 panels Holding a key = skeleton has a good idea Skeleton pees on the plant, time passes,and in the second panel, the plant has grown and flowered;the skeleton is happy The time passing here might be longer inorder for the plant to actually grow Time and Movement together Crocodiles fighting sculpture o Diagonal and curved lines imply movement o The upward stretch of the crocodile implies movement as wellparticularlyin the form of hunting o Artist freezes the crocodilesinthat position for dramatic pause before the meal Apollo and Daphne sculptures - Bernidi o Curves and diagonals imply movement of the figures’ bodies o Time is stopped/paused as the woman is beginning to turn into a tree Feet = trunk Legs = bark Hands and hair = leaves o Cupid strikes Apollo, and Daphne tries to get away, prays to god for help, and gets turned into a tree in the process o Apollo is still so in love, he devotes his life to taking care of the tree/Daphne Computer generated works o Optical illusions – contrasting colors (use of complementary colors – vibrating together helps with movement), organic shapes help with movement from curved lines Principles of Design Design – organizing the visual elements to create good compositions while using the principles of design Unity and Variety o Unity Wholeness that is achieved through the repetitionof shape or form Looking for harmony Don’t confuse this withthe repetitionof shape for movement (same figure with slightly different positioning), unity repeats the same figure without the difference inpositioning Too much unity canbe considered boring, that is why varietyis introduced Ex: 12 Lions fountain Made of same material, weigh the same, same design, have the same function (fountain) Even the fountain itself has the same motifs where the designs are repeated o Variety When things are different inorder to provide interest Creates diversity Too much varietycan create chaos, which is why it is complemented by unity Ex: Campbell’s soup cans All the cans look the same on the outside (unity) but upon further scrutiny, eachlabel is a different soup name (variety) Cheese soup is the artist’s favorite because there is a gold ribbon on that single can whereas the restare plain Ex: Storefront Use of the repetition of rectangular shapes for windows,roofs, the sky, etc. (Unity) Variety is found inthe plant and the barbershop pole that are singular differences Dancing Woman at Dinner Party Unity = redcolor scheme Variety = the small pops of yellow color ina few ojects People on the Train Unity = shape of window,shape of seats,race of the people, colors are the same shade Variety = man stretched diagonally to reachluggage; girl dressedlike a Christmas present (end of lecture for the 13 ) The Principles of DesignContinued Balance A sense of equilibrium through the distribution of elements Ex: Two figures on a see-saw,mirror images of each other…if we fill one of the figures in, the work is no longer balanced and the darkened figure looks “heavier” o Visual weight 1. Formal Symmetry a. Requires that the image has both sides as mirror images of each other b. Verify by drawing an imaginary line through the center of the workand compare the sides, both sides need to have exactly the same elements c. “Man made,” not necessarilyseen innature, but seenthe most in buildings within architecture i. Ex: Taj Mahal, in India, it’s made of white marble, king had the building made in order to honor his wife who died inchildbirth ii. Within architecture we are looking for order and stability(these are the feelings meant to be convey through buildings) d. Ex: Human bodies, mostly symmetrical however not exactly symmetrical i. However, many cultures raise up the human body and portray it as exactly symmetrical 2. Symmetrical Balance a. It doesn’t match perfectly, but it is veryclose b. The work has the feeling of formal symmetry, but there are little variations that you have to look for c. The smallest difference makes THE difference d. Ex: Henri Matisse’s workwith the flowers and two faces i. The flower shapes do not match on both sides and neither do the colors of the flowers e. Ex: Arc de Triumph f. Ex: Da Vinci’s: The Last Supper g. Ex: Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup artwork 3. Asymmetrical Balance a. An overall sense of equilibrium b. Visual Weight is a concept utilized in this type of balance i. Ex: The old woman sitting in the chair 1. The blackdress she’s wearingvs. the blackcurtain inthe background 2. The vertical of the curtain is mixed withthe horizontal elderly woman c. The two sides willnot match at all d. Ex: the grim reaper vs. human bodies (Clint) i. Shows asymmetrical balance with the slender body of the reaper and the full, multiple bodies of the people ii. Balances the concept: life and death (which is heavier?) Emphasis Draws attention to a specific area of the composition Ex: Woman staring at candle flame o Emphasis placed on her face, the candle, crucifix, whip, skull in her lap, and books o The rest of the painting is too dark to discern o Book may be the Bible,she is probablyvery religious Focal Point Specific spot or figure that the artist wants the viewerto see Faces are a natural focal point Directional forces help to ID the focal point o Implied lines o Pointing gestures o Light o Sight Ex: Painting with Jesus and disciples o The white diagonal of the landscape points toward Jesus o The face of Jesus is a natural focal point o Sight of discipleslooking towardJesus Ex: 3 of may painting o Emphasis placed on the people being captured (no faces of the capturers, but shown of the captured) o Focal point = the man inthe white shirt Lighter area around him, white shirt, arms create a diagonal line leading to him, his face is the most clear Directional forces of the capturers’ guns pointed at this man Ex: Little George Washington o Portrays the cherry tree story o Focal point = little George He is lighter, the tree and other bodies are pointing at him, building is curved toward him, the hat points to him You can see his face (his face as a man is placedon the kid’s body in order to help the viewersrecognize him) Scale Refers to size The relative size of an objectcompare with others of its kind Our expectations of a normal size in relationto its findings Small scale vs. large scale o Small images – have a more intimate feeling, private,detailed o Large images – have more of an impact, shock Our expectations of normal depend on what is around it Compare objects only of the same kind! 1. Hierarchical Scale a. Indicates the relative importance of individuals ina composition b. Ex: Egyptian painting i. The man is most important (largest size), followedby the wife,the animals, and THEN the kid (smallest size) c. Ex: Virgin Mary painting i. She is most important, followedby the angels, priest, guys, girls d. Ex: Virgin Mary with baby Jesus i. Jesus is the most important (because he is the most out of scale for his age portrayal), then Mary, then the others 2. Proportion a. The relationship of the parts to the whole, looking for expectations of normal b. Compare the same object withitself not other objects c. Cannon of proportions i. Rules for how the human being should be depicted ii. 2 types: Egyptian and Greek 1. Egyptian = palm of hand is placedunder the hairline on the forehead (because of crowns and headdresses),18 palms = perfect human proportion intheir books 2. Greek = use the whole head (top to chin) and measure it, repeat that 7.5 times = perfect Greek proportion a. Gods/Heroes = 8 heads b. Still in use today for drawing the human body iii. 20 century 1. Breaking the rules of proportion, no regard to the cannon of proportion 2. Ex: Matisse’s Woman a. Short skinny legs, wide hips, smaller waist,long long arms, small head iv. The Madonna of the Long Neck 1. Baby has ridiculous proportions Naturalism, Abstraction, and Non-Objective Style The characteristic elements that we recognize as constant or coherent 3 main styles: naturalism, abstraction, non-objective 1. Naturalistic Style a. Depicts the appearance of objects as they are in real life b. Represents objects we recognize from our everyday world c. 4 characteristics i. Visual texture ii. Scale and proportion (accurately) iii. Chiaroscuro iv. Techniques of space (to show depth) d. If you can immediately recognize what you are looking at, then it’s naturalistic i. Greek statues of human bodies ii. The more detail, the more real/natural the object willlook
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