Week Four Notes
Week Four Notes Psyc 287
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Choma on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 287 at University of Nebraska Lincoln taught by Dr. Pearce in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology at University of Nebraska Lincoln.
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Date Created: 09/16/16
Psychology of Personality PSYC 287 Week Four Notes 9/13 in class notes Personality Judgments – Chapter 5 continued Apply what you learned next week: o Convergent validity: seek to obtain assessments in more than one situation o Interrater reliability: seek to obtain assessment from more than one judge o Who should observe the person? More than one judge Pick someone to be the judge who people identify as a good judge of personality Mae sure the judge is paying attention and trying to make a good assessment o Observe the Person From first impression: what can you judge reliably from your first impression? What kinds of situations should you observe the person in? Weak situations will allow for more expressions of personality in behavior Talk to the person Advice to friend: o Determine traits of interest o Select situation that will allow for a range of behaviors relevant to the trait of interest o Pay attention to the person’s behavior o Consider situation and behavior and draw sound inferences about the traits of interest o Remember that you will be judged too Chapter 6: Personality Types and Traits Personality Traits vs. Types o Main focus: personality traits o Personality trait refers to characteristics of a person relative to others A person may have more than one trait Emphasis is on quantitative differences between people o Personality types refer to different varieties of individuals Generally, a person only has one type Emphasis is on qualitative differences between people Personality Types o Carl Jung’s typology Myers-Briggs Type Indicator o William Herbert Sheldon’s somatotypes o Origins in embryology Ectoderm (skin & nerves) Mesoderm (digestive tract o Somatotypes are body types associated w/ these fundamental elements Somatotypes o Ectomorph Long, thin limbs Low fat storage Typically perceived as intelligent but fearful o Mesomorph Wide shoulders Narrow waist Muscular w/ low fat storage Typically perceived as popular & hardworking o Endomorph Increased fat storage Wide waist Stereotyped as slow, lazy, messy, funny o Somatotype theory is now regarded as invalid, but stereotypes based on body type persist Modern Personality Type Research o 3 types tend to emerge in different studies involving people in different countries: well-adjusted (flexible, resourceful, successful, interpersonal relationships) maladjusted over-controlling (self-deprivation difficulty maintaining interpersonal relationships) maladjusted under-controlling (impulsive) o the 3 types are said to represent qualitative differences in people o they do not predict behavior that is not explained by the trait approach Type vs. Traits continued o Type approach = qualitative differences, individual focus o Trait approach = quantitative differences, traits related to group 3 general approaches to studying traits: o single-trait approach, many-trait approach, essential-trait approach
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