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Week 6

by: Bailey Dickinson

Week 6 HORT 3440

Bailey Dickinson
GPA 3.87

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Week 6
Herbs, Spices, and Medicinal Plants
James Affecter
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailey Dickinson on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HORT 3440 at University of Georgia taught by James Affecter in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
Week 6 Notes for HORT 3440 CRN10344 Monday: Fruits in the mustard family open up on two sutures and in the middle, there is a membrane that the seeds are attached to We watched a video about a study done that examined mammalian and bird reactions to mustard seeds. We then just reviewed the study guide that was posted next week. Friday: Dramamine (for motion sickness)- affects central nervous system and makes you drowsy Ginger affects your gastrointestinal system and doesn’t make you drowsy 1/3 of people suffer from motion sickness Ginger, Zingiber officinale, Ginger family  Herbaceous perennial  Native to Asia, grown throughout tropics  Part used: rhizome  Nausea, motion sickness, indigestion (anything wrong with digestive system)  Cautions: anti-coagulant drugs (ginger thins blood) Modern western medicine: allopathic medicine The same person who invented homeopathic medicine invented the word allopathic medicine to distinguish between the two There was a clinical trial done (way to determine if it works or not): Clinical trials have to be: placebo-controlled, double-blind, and have a cross-over period (washout period), and a valid statistical design- during this cross-over period, both groups will get both the placebo and the real drug at some point. A gets placebo, B gets drug, then A gets drug and B gets placebo. There is time in between the periods for the drug to get out of their systems Ginger clinical trial- 36 people. Half got placebo, half got real drugs. They were then placed on a rotating chair for as long as they could tolerate, for up to 6 minutes Placebo- average chair time= 1.5 Dramamine- 3.5 Ginger- 5.5 In the ginger treatment, half of the subjects lasted the full 6 minutes  A placebo is an inactive substance given as a control treatment. It should be indistinguishable from the treatments  Dramamine acts on the Central Nervous System to block the vomiting response, with drowsiness as a side effect  Ginger appears to work directly on the gastrointestinal tract, activating normal stomach rhythm and motion Scopolamine patch makes your eyes dilate if you touch your patch and then your eyes Other herbs that are sometimes recommended for motion sickness: Valerian (tranquilizing and relaxing), Catnip (Mint family, relaxant), Black horehound, Licorice root, Peppermint, and Chamomile. Sucking on lemon also works (shocking your system) Peppermint, Mentha x piperita, Mint family  Herbaceous perennial  Hybrid species  Native to Europe  Part used: leaf  Nausea, indigestion, flatulence, GI spasms  Cautions: do not ingest essential oil; menthol can cause infants and children to choke. 30% is menthol  (Spearmint doesn’t have menthol in it) Peppermint essential oil:  Principal components include menthol and menthone  Very important as a commercial flavoring: cultivated on a large scale  Pure essential oils are very potent; they can be lethal if taken internally. Peppermint tea is a better option.  Peppermint relaxes the LES (Lower esophageal sphincter), so avoid if suffering from acid reflux because the LES prevents stomach acid from coming into the esophagus.  Overall, peppermint is very safe Contraindication (if you have a certain condition, avoid taking a certain medicine) Chamomile, Matricaria recutita, Sunflower family  Aromatic annual  Native to western Asia  Part used: flower  Nausea, indigestion, insomnia (tranquilizing sedative)  Cautions: pollen allergies and contact dermatitis (acne) (moisten tea bag and lay on face)  Popular herb that relieves gas, calms intestional spasms (spasmolytic), and fights inflammation; soothes the GI tract  Tea is a mild sedative and sleep aid (insomnia is a condition that is often better treated with herbs than with drugs, fewer side effects)  Used topically for blisters and acne; wound-healing, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties; moisten tea bag and hold against skin


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