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Week 5 notes

by: Olivia Notetaker

Week 5 notes SO 1003

Olivia Notetaker

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About this Document

These notes cover what we went over in class week 5.
Intro to Sociology
Ashley Vancil-Leap
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Friday September 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Ashley Vancil-Leap in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/16/16
Week 5 notes 9/13 & 9/15  Socialization- the process by which you learn how to become a functioning member of society o Knowing how to react to certain things o Limits: Biology, nature vs nurture  Defined by Craig Calhoun – the process through which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a society and learn to function as its members  You recognize your limits when you are in a situation or new culture and don’t know how to act  Humans have agency o We did not choose our parents, there are laws (you must go to school) o We make choices though based on environment  Discovery of self emerges through a social process o Charles Cooley o Studied at the university of Chicago  Looking glass self - Self emerges from our ability to assume the point of view of others and imagine how they see us o Happens through 3 steps  1.Imagine how others see us  2. What must others think of me?  3. Revise how we think about ourselves o Influenced by what we imagine the opinions of other people to be  George Herbert Mead o Kids don’t have a sense of other and discover “me” and “other” through social interactions o Stage 1 – play stage o Stage 2 – Game stage o Generalized other – applying norms and behaviors learned over time to new situations  Parents of different social classes socialize kids differently  Resocialization – learn new ways, change in values beliefs or norms o Moving to a new country o Accident and lost memory  Agents of socialization: o Family, media, peers, religion o Total Institution – an institution that controls all the basics of day-to-day life  Boarding schools, college, army, prison  Role Theory o Robert Merton  1. Status: recognizable social position that an individual occupies  Ascribed status – we are born with o Age, race, sex  Achieved status – we have earned or imposed by others o Babysitter  Master status – one status that overrides all 2 o Unemployed, male and female, celebrity  2. Roles: the duties and behaviors associated with that status  Role Strain – When one status and one role conflict with one another o Student and party  Role Conflict – 2 different roles that conflict with one another o Mother and student  Status Set – all the statuses you have at a given point  Gender Roles – sets of behavioral norms assumed to accompany one’s status as a male or female o Girls are cute – pink o Boys are strong – blue 132-145 – 9/15 – Social Construction of Reality  Something is real, meaningful, and valuable when society tells us it is  2 ways to understand how we socially construct reality o compare one society over different time periods o compare two contemporary societies  Social Construction – People give meaning or value to ideas or objects through social interactions o Ongoing process o Our personal experiences make up our reality  Symbolic interactionism – we interact with others using words and behaviors that have symbolic meanings 3 o 1. Humans act toward ideas, concepts, and values on the basis of the meaning that those things have for them o 2. These meanings are products of social interaction in human society o 3. These meanings are modified and filtered through a process that each individual uses in dealing with outward signs o Useful in understanding cultural differences o Useful for understanding the meanings of symbols and signs  Dramaturgical theory – the view (by Erving Goffman) of social life as a theatrical performance, where we are all actors on stages, with roles, scripts, costumes, and sets. o We act out some roles more than others o Front stage & back stage  Front – everyone sees you  Ex: being a peppy waiter  Back – mood changes based on environment  Ex: might complain to coworkers o Breaches – mistakes  When there is a breach in a script we try to fix it  Humor (soothes over situation) o Explicit guidance – lack a script and turn to professionals to help us through and give directions o Script:  Opening – start the encounter  Closing bracket – end an encounter 4  Given gestures – signal a closing (putting on a coat)  Given off gestures – unconscious signals of true feelings  Ethnomethodology – Approach that focuses on the ways we make sense of our world, convey understanding, and produce a shared social order o “the methods of the people” o Harold Garfinkel o Breaching experiments – send students into social world to see results when they broke social norms  Ex: not facing the door of the elevator  Technology/ the internet – create new realities o Interactions that do not incorporate verbal and visual cues o You can be anyone you want o Hard to open and close interactions o Opens ways for new crimes and communicaton 5


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